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Colorectal cancer – prevention and screening

What is screening test of colorectal cancer?

Screening is the process of examining cancer in people who have no symptoms. Various tests can be used to screen for colorectal cancer.

These tests can be divided into 2 main groups:

  • Stool-based tests:
In this test, they check the stool (feces) for the signs of cancer. These tests are comparatively less invasive and easier to get it done, but they necessitate to be done more often.
  • Visual (structural) exams:
This test aspect the structure of the colon and rectum for any unusual areas. This is done either with a tube-like instrument with a light and tiny video camera on the end called the scope and put into the rectum or with special imaging (x-ray) tests.

These tests each have different advantages and disadvantages, and some options might be better for you than others. But the most important thing is to get screened, no matter which tests you choose.

How you prepare?

Preparing for colon cancer screening can be uncomfortable or inconvenient, but it’s necessary for the test to be effective. Now the question stays that how would I know which screening test is right for me?

There is no particular “best test” for any person. Each test has its advantages and disadvantages. Talk to your doctor about each test, and how often it needs to be tested. Which test to prefer depends on:—

  • Your preferences.
  • Your medical condition.
  • The likelihood that you will get the test.
  • The resources available for testing and follow-up.

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Tests

If you’ve been diagnosed with colorectal cancer, the cancer care team will discuss treatment options with you. You must think carefully about each of your choices. Estimate the benefits of each treatment option against the possible risks and side effects.

Local treatments

Some treatments are called local therapies. This means they treat the tumor without harming the rest of the body. These treatments are more apt to be useful for earlier-stage cancers (smaller cancers that haven’t developed), but they might also be used in some other circumstances.

Systemic treatments

Colorectal cancer can also be healed using drugs, which can be given by mouth or straight into the bloodstream. These are called systemic therapies because they can reach cancer cells throughout the body. Depending on the kind of colorectal cancer, different types of drugs might be used.

Common treatment approaches

Depending on the degree of cancer and other factors, different types of medication may be combined at the same time or used one after another.

Prevention Tips:-

There’s no assured way to prevent colorectal cancer. But there are things you can do that might help lower your risks, such as changing the risk factors that you can control like diet and physical exercise.

Weight:

Staying at a sound weight and avoid gaining weight around the midsection may help lower your risk.

Physical activity:

Building the intensity and amount of your physical motion may help reduce your risk.

Diet:

Reducing red and processed meats and consuming more vegetables and fruits may help lower your risk.

Recently, some studies have suggested that fiber in the diet, particularly from whole grains, may lower colorectal cancer risk. Research in this area is still advancing.

Alcohol:

Avoiding over intake of alcohol may help decrease your risk.

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