Gastrointestinal Cancer

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Prolife Cancer Centre – Gastric Cancer Treatment in Pune

Gastrointestinal cancer

What is Gastrointestinal Cancer?

Gastro-Intestinal (GI) cancer is a term for the group of cancers that affect the digestive system. This includes cancers of the esophagus, gallbladder & biliary tract, liver, pancreas, stomach, small intestine, bowel (large intestine or colon and rectum), and anus.
GI cancer is the most common form of cancer.GI cancers do not discriminate between men and women. Dr. Sumit Shah provides the best Gastric Cancer Treatment in Pune at Prolife Cancer Centre which is the best cancer hospital in Pune.

Types of gastrointestinal cancer include

  • esophageal cancer
  • stomach cancer
  • gallbladder cancer
  • Gastrointestinal stromal tumors
  • liver cancer
  • pancreatic cancer
  • Colon cancer
  • Rectal cancer
  • Anal cancer

Types of gastrointestinal cancer include

  • Esophageal cancer –

Esophageal cancer occurs when malignant cancer cells have formed in the tissue of the esophagus, the tube that transports food from your mouth to your stomach. esophageal cancer can occur in any part of the esophagus and within different cells

  • Stomach cancer

Stomach cancer is when malignant cancer cells form in the wall of the stomach. Malignant cancer cells are abnormal cells that have not only lost control over how they grow but can also spread in the human body.

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  • Gallbladder cancer–

Gallbladder cancer is rare cancer where malignant cancer cells form in the tissues of the gallbladder.

  • Gastrointestinal stromal tumors

A gastro-intestinal stromal tumour (GIST) is a rare type of cancer found in the gastro-intestinal tract, which is part of the body’s digestive system. GISTs are believed to begin in cells found between muscle layers of the gastro-intestinal tract, called Interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC). GIST growth usually begins in the connective tissue in the wall of the affected organ and grows outwards.

  • Liver cancer –

Liver cancer occurs in two situations: primary liver cancer when malignant cells first form and spread in the liver, and secondary liver cancer where cancer that began in another part of the body has later spread to the liver.

  • Pancreatic cancer

Pancreatic cancer develops when malignant cancer cells, which are abnormal cells with uncontrolled growth, occur in parts of the pancreas.

  • Colorectal cancer –

Colorectal cancer, also known as large bowel cancer, is when malignant cancer cells grow in the wall of the large bowel. This includes the large intestine, and rectum, which are all part of the lower digestive tract. Cancers that affect the small bowel (or small intestine) are very rare.

  • Anal cancer –

Anal cancer is when malignant cancer cells form in the tissue in the anus. Anal cancer usually occurs in two areas: where the anal canal meets the rectum or in the skin just outside the anal opening.

Symptoms of Gastrointestinal Cancer –

Symptoms of gastrointestinal cancer vary, depending on the type of cancer. Symptoms may include:

  • abdominal pain, tenderness, or discomfort
  • change in bowel habits, such as frequency or consistency or shape
  • rectal bleeding or blood in stool
  • bloating
  • loss of appetite
  • nausea/vomiting
  • unintentional weight loss
  • fatigue

These are common symptoms of gastrointestinal cancer, but there are more symptoms that relate specifically to each type.

What Are the Risk Factors for Gastrointestinal Cancer?

We don’t know the cause of many types of gastrointestinal cancer, but risk factors for gastrointestinal cancer vary among the different types. They include:

  • Smoking
  • Excessive alcohol consumption
  • Increasing age
  • Diet high in animal fat
  • Diet containing high amounts of salted, cured, or poorly preserved foods
  • Chronic pancreatitis
  • Obesity

Please note that there are many other risk factors that are disease-specific that are not listed.

Diagnosis of Gastrointestinal Cancer –

How gastrointestinal cancer is diagnosed depends on what type of cancer is suspected. Lab tests, imaging tests, biopsies, and endoscopy are all methods of diagnosing many types of cancer.

Once cancer is confirmed, the stage of the cancer is then determined and a treatment plan is developed.

1.Endoscopy

Endoscopic tests allow us to look inside the body using an instrument called an endoscope, which is a flexible tube with a light and tiny camera attached to it. Endoscopic tests to diagnose GI cancers might include these nonsurgical procedures:

  • Colonoscopy and sigmoidoscopy: Used to screen for colorectal cancer
  • Upper GI endoscopy: Examines the lining of the upper part of the gastrointestinal tract, including the esophagus, stomach, and duodenum

2.Biopsy

During a biopsy, we remove a sample of the abnormal tissue so it can be examined for cancer by a pathologist. We often use endoscopic procedures to obtain a biopsy. Based on these biopsies, we can often make decisions about the behavior of a tumor and form the right treatment plan.

3.Imaging

Diagnostic imaging for GI cancers might include:

  • Computed tomography (CT) scan: Using an X-ray that takes many pictures.
  • Ultrasound: Using sound waves and their echoes to produce a picture.
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI): Using radio waves and magnets to produce an image.
  • Positron emission tomography (PET) scan: Using radioactive sugar that is injected into the blood and observed with a special camera.

Treatment of Gastrointestinal Cancer –

Treatment for gastrointestinal cancer depends on the type of cancer, stage, and other general health factors. Common methods of treating gastrointestinal cancer include surgery (most commonly used) chemotherapy and radiation therapy.

Medical Treatment

Medical treatment for GI cancer varies, depending on the cancer. Some therapies are designed to kill cancer cells; others aim to stop the cancer cells from growing, attack their abnormalities, or decrease the chance of them returning.

We work with a multidisciplinary team of other subspecialists, including surgical oncologists and radiation oncologists, to determine the best treatment plan for each patient.

Chemotherapy and Targeted Therapy

Depending on the type of GI cancer and the patient, we sometimes use medical treatments to shrink cancer before an operation (called neoadjuvant therapy). This approach can make surgery an option for patients with otherwise inoperable tumors, and it can make an operation safer and more effective. We might also use treatments after surgery if cancer has spread to the lymph nodes or to relieve symptoms of GI cancer that has spread to other areas of the body.

Medical treatments for GI cancer include:

  • Chemotherapy: Our medical oncologists use drugs to destroy cancer cells, which work by stopping their ability to grow and divide.
  • Targeted therapy: Our oncologists use drugs that target the cancer’s specific genes or proteins or the tissue environment that contributes to cancer growth and survival. This type of treatment, which is not appropriate for everyone, blocks the growth and spread of cancer cells while limiting damage to healthy cells.

Radiation Therapy for Gastrointestinal Cancer

Radiotherapy is used in the treatment of many GI cancers. For anal cancer, in particular, it is often the main form of therapy, in combination with chemotherapy.

At Prolife Cancer Center, your Gastric Cancer Treatment is personalized to give the best results, while concentrating on your quality of life. We offer the best Gastric Cancer Treatment in Pune.

Followup –

Care for people diagnosed with cancer does not end when active treatment has finished. Your health care team will continue to check that cancer has not come back, manage any side effects, and monitor your overall health. This is called follow-up care.

Your follow-up care may include regular physical examinations, medical tests, or both. Doctors want to keep track of your recovery in the months and years ahead. People who have had their entire stomach removed can feed themselves, but it is important for them to re-learn how to eat after this major surgery. Talk to your doctor about this type of rehabilitation. Learn more about the importance of follow-up care.

This is also a good time to talk with your doctor about who will lead your follow-up care. Some survivors continue to see their oncologist, while others transition back to the care of their family doctor or another health care professional. This decision depends on several factors, including the type and stage of cancer, side effects, health insurance rules, and your personal preferences.

If a doctor who was not directly involved in your cancer care will lead your follow-up care, be sure to share your cancer treatment summary and survivorship care plan forms with him or her and with all future health care providers. Details about your cancer treatment are very valuable to the health care professionals who will care for you throughout your lifetime.

Gastrointestinal Cancer Statistics –

The GI Cancer Institute aims to fundraise for and raise awareness about GI cancer. It’s important to improve survival rates for GI cancer.

  • GI Cancer Institute’s survival rates are lower than for other more well-known cancers. The five-year survival rate of people with cancer of the stomach is 29%, bowel 69% – and only 8.7% of people diagnosed with pancreatic cancer live more than five years.
  • In 2018, it was estimated that 13,809 people would die from gastro-intestinal cancers —more than twice the estimated combined total for breast and prostate cancers.
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