Gynecologic Cancer

Home Gynecologic Cancer

What Is Gynecologic Cancer?

Gynecologic cancer is any cancer that starts in a woman’s reproductive organs. Five main types of cancer affect a woman’s reproductive organs are cervical, ovarian, uterine, vaginal and vulvar. As a group, they are referred to as gynecologic cancer. The sixth type of gynecologic cancer is a very rare fallopian tube cancer.

The five gynecologic cancers begin in different places within a woman’s pelvis, which is the area below the stomach and in between the hip bones. Each gynecologic cancer is unique, with different signs and symptoms, different risk factors and different prevention strategies. All women are at risk for gynecologic cancers, and the risk increases with age. When gynecologic cancers are found early, treatment is most effective.

Types of Gynecologic Cancer

  • Cervical cancer –This cancer begins in the cervix, which is the lower, narrow end of the uterus. (The uterus is also called the womb.)
  • Ovarian cancer–This cancer begins in the ovaries, which are located on each side of the uterus.
  • Uterine cancer–This cancer begins in the uterus, the pear-shaped organ in a woman’s pelvis where the baby grows when she is pregnant.
  • Vaginal cancer – This cancer begins in the vagina, which is the hollow, tube-like channel between the bottom of the uterus and the outside of the body.
  • Vulvar cancer – This cancer begins in the vulva, the outer part of the female genital organs.

Each gynecologic cancer is unique, with different signs and symptoms, different risk factors (things that may increase your chance of getting a disease), and different prevention strategies. All women are at risk for gynecologic cancers, and the risk increases with age. When gynecologic cancers are found early, treatment is most effective.

What Are the Symptoms of Gynecologic Cancer?

There is no way to know for sure if you will get gynecologic cancer. That’s why it is important to pay attention to your body and know what is normal for you, so you can recognize the warning signs or symptoms of gynecologic cancer.

If you have vaginal bleeding that is unusual for you, talk to a doctor right away. You should also see a doctor if you have any other warning signs that last for two weeks or longer and are not normal for you. Symptoms may be caused by something other than cancer, but the only way to know is to see a doctor.

Signs and symptoms are not the same for everyone and each gynecologic cancer (cervical, ovarian, uterine, vaginal, and vulvar cancers) has its own signs and symptoms.

Watch out the symptoms of cervical, ovarian, uterine, vaginal, and vulvar cancers.

  • Abnormal vaginal bleeding or discharge is common on all gynecologic cancers except vulvar cancer.
  • Feeling full too quickly or difficulty eating, bloating, and abdominal or back pain are common only for ovarian cancer.
  • Pelvic pain or pressure is common for ovarian and uterine cancers.
  • More frequent or urgent need to urinate and/or constipation are common for ovarian and vaginal cancers.
  • Itching, burning, pain, or tenderness of the vulva, and changes in vulva color or skin, such as a rash, sores, or warts, are found only in vulvar cancer.

Book Appointment


    Quick Contact

    • Address 557A1/15C Gultekadi, Market Yard Pune, Maharashtra 411037
    • Phone +91-9607079019, +91-9607079029

    What are the risk factors for gynecological cancers?

    A risk factor is any factor that is associated with an increased chance of developing a particular health condition, such as gynecological cancer. There are different types of risk factors, some of which can be modified and some that cannot.

    It should be noted that having one or more risk factors does not mean a woman will develop a gynecological cancer. Many women have at least one risk factor but will never develop a gynecological cancer, while others with a gynecological cancer may have had no known risk factors. Even if a woman with a gynecological cancer has a risk factor, it is usually hard to know how much that risk factor contributed to the development of her disease.

    The risk factors include:

    • increasing age
    • having a strong family history
    • identified gene mutations
    • reproductive history, such as child-bearing
    • exposure to hormones – produced by the body or taken as medication
    • exposure to diethylstilboestrol (DES) in the womb
    • viral infection such as human papillomavirus (HPV) infection
    • lifestyle factors such as smoking and those leading to excess body weight.

    Diagnosis of Gynecologic Cancer

    The tests and tools used to diagnose gynecologic cancer depend upon the type and location of the suspected cancer, as well as factors such as the patient’s medical history and overall health status. A detailed diagnosis helps the doctors at Prolife Cancer Centre create the right treatment plan for each patient.

    Specialists use the most advanced diagnostic tools available, such as:

    • Imaging studies: Including magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), computed tomography (CT), and positron emission tomography (PET)
    • Transvaginal ultrasound: Involving the placing of an ultrasound probe into the vagina.
    • Endoscopy: Using a thin, flexible tube (endoscope) to visualize parts of the female reproductive system.
    • Tissue biopsies and body-fluid samples: Providing small samples of suspicious tissue for UT Southwestern pathologists to evaluate.
    • Molecular tissue testing: For determining tumor-specific genes, proteins, and other characteristics.

    Stages of Gynecologic Cancers?

    Staging is the term oncologists use to define where gynecologic cancer is located and how much it has spread. Once the stage of gynecologic cancer is determined, your physician can recommend a particular course of treatment.

    Most cancer teams use the system developed by the American Joint Committee on Cancer, known as the TNM staging system.

    T = Tumor: Where is the primary tumor and how large is it?

    N = Nodes: Has the tumor spread to nearby lymph nodes?

    M = Metastasis: Has cancer spread to other parts of the body?

    For each letter, there are five numbered stages, from 0 to 4, depending on how much cancer has spread. The lower the number, the more the cancer cells look like normal cells and the easier they are to treat and cure. A higher number means it has spread more deeply.

    The place where cancer originates is called the primary site. Cancer can spread from the primary site to other parts of the body. It’s important to understand that even if gynecologic cancer is found in other parts of your body, it’s still considered gynecologic cancer. For instance, if colon cancer has spread to the liver, it’s called metastatic colon cancer, not liver cancer.

    Be sure to talk to your physician about your particular stage of cancer and how that will impact your treatment.

    Treating Gynecologic Cancer with Medications

    Cancer treatments that use medications are an option for some women with Gynecologic cancer, depending on the type and stage of the cancer. Our gynecologic oncologists might prescribe:

    • Chemotherapy: Uses drugs usually injected into a vein or given by mouth, to kill cancer cells.
    • Immunotherapy: Involves stimulation of the immune system to help the body better fight gynecologic cancer.
    • Hormone therapy: Uses hormones to treat and prevent recurrences of some types of gynecologic cancers.

    Intraperitoneal chemotherapy is an intricate and unique treatment that delivers chemotherapy drugs directly into the abdominal cavity through a catheter. Administered in some ovarian cancer cases, it directly targets cancer cells in the abdomen, minimizing drug exposure to healthy tissues. Only highly experienced gynecologic and surgical oncologists are able to offer this type of intense treatment.

    Surgical Cancer Treatments

    Gynecologic cancer is different for every woman, and surgery is often part of the treatment plan to remove as much of the tumor as possible. Reducing the size of the tumor improves the efficiency of subsequent chemotherapy or radiation therapy because there will be less tumor to treat.

    A standard laparoscopic approach or robot-assisted surgery helps patients recover faster, return to their normal lifestyle, or start the next phase of treatment sooner.

    Google Reviews

    Based on 139 reviews.
    S S Patnaik
    S S Patnaik
    Before explaining my journey, summery of assessment on 5 Point Rating Scale (5 points- excellent, 0 points- Poor) as below: Overall rating: 5 Doctor availability/ Waiting time: 5 Doctor behavior/friendliness: 5 Staff behavior: 5 Communication/ Appointment: 3 Follow-up Care: 5 Billing: 5 Comfort and Cleanliness: 5 Parking: 3 Recommendation: 5 I never thought that someone from my family will suffer with cancer. The day when I came to know that my father has oral cancer, my whole family members were in shock. We were worried due to mainly 2 reasons 1. My father’s age (as he’s 72 years old) and 2. Complexity in treatment process. It started with minor dental pain and when we meet dentist he recommended for an Oncologist. I vigorously searched for best oncologist in Pune. During my search process I found Dr. Sumit Shah’s name and I thought to give him a try. Dr. Shah is incredible. He devotes much time to the patients and their queries. The day I met him, my search came to end. The way he explained about the disease, operation procedure (neck dissection) and recovery process was EXTRAORDINARY. He calmly and patiently explained all doubts and assured us nothing to worry. This gave us peace of mind and we decided to go with treatment process as per Dr. Shah. My father went under successful operation in last month and he’s quickly recovering from it. During the hospitalization period, unlike many doctors, Dr. Shah was available on WhatsApp and responded immediately to the queries/needfulness, which was a big sigh of relief. Now my father is doing well and follow-up is continuing. Appreciate Dr. Shah taking time to go over the diagnosis clearly and treatment options. The staff and the medical assistant were very nice and helpful. The appointment follow-up is wonderful (although they missed once in my case). HIGHLY RECOMMENDED. Thank You Dr. Sumit Shah and team!
    Nagesh awchar
    Nagesh awchar
    Doctor is very friendly and hospital is best and easy to find.
    Vishnu panbude
    Vishnu panbude
    I was treated by Dr. Shah in 2018, I am glad to share that m completely fine. And having routine follow up under his consultation. Thanking him!
    Irfan Shaikh
    Irfan Shaikh
    My name is Islam shaikh. Now I am 54 years old. Almost 5 years back I had wound in my right side of mouth . For the same we meet Dr Sumit Shah through our family physician . I remember the day and Dr shah told me the nature of surgery and risk invoke in it. My wife and entire family was very afraid but we decided to follow Dr Shah sirs advice. I underwent surgery but had problem on around 3 rd day of surgery . My son called dr shah, he reached immediately in hospital and deed needful. Still I remember that day and his words GIVE TIME . Now it’s been 5 years I am perfectly all right eating, speaking well .I am on regular follow up with sir.Thanks!
    balu sathya
    balu sathya
    Sir has treated my mother very well. He give us proper guidance. Thank you so much sir.
    Abhijeet Dhole patil
    Abhijeet Dhole patil
    Dr. Shah sir is has best experienced doctor, he valued my time and money. Thank you Sir. Worthy consultation.
    Salimnawaz Shaikh
    Salimnawaz Shaikh
    I was diagnosed with a benign tumor and Dr Sumit Shah explained me very well on detail about it and what kind of tumor it is and what will be best course of action. Surgery was perfect and now I recovering very well. Definitely recommend. Thank you Dr Shah.
    Subhash Gaikwad
    Subhash Gaikwad
    I,one of small scale industrialist, Shubhash Gaikwad, a regular exerciser and healthy food consumer, would never thought to come at this way. But life is about uncertainty and unknown challenges. So before 1 year near my tonsils, I got a lump. So my nephew who is also doctor recommended me to go for advanced opinion and gave reference of Dr. Sumit Shah .First I took chemotherapy and then went to surgery under Dr sumit Shah. As there are some myths about the disease and I have some doubt about it. And Dr. Shah gave all the answers to my questions. My treatment is been completed now. And Ca Rt Retromolar trigone is cured. The journey taught so many lessons for new start. The most important thing is that life is beautiful and u need to take some effors to make it better through disciplines of health and well management of ours mental health.
    Anand Pawar
    Anand Pawar
    Hi This is Ananad pawar . I never thought that my minor dental pain will drive here . As future is unpredictable. My story was too unpredictable. Bt my one of habbit of regular consuming alchohol and tobacco cause to create volcano in my life. 8 months back i went for dental check up. He suggested me for expert advise. One of my relative suggested me the name of Dr. Sumit Shah. When we met Dr. Shah, he clears all doubts and worries about Cancer. This conversation set my mind in peace and relaxed. I became ready to operate my Oral Cancer under Dr.shah's treatment. His friendly and explanative nature about disease made us believe that cancer can be cure and we can restart our life. This journey taught me lesson that stop consuming alcohol and avoid Tobacco.

    Choose Your Hospital, Choose The Best Care For Yourself