Larynx (voice box) Cancer

Home Head and Neck Cancer Larynx (voice box) Cancer

Dr. Sumit Shah – Larynx Cancer Surgeon in Pune

What is Larynx Cancer?

A disease in which harmful (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the larynx (voice box). Laryngeal cancer is a type of throat cancer that affects your voice box. It contains cartilage and muscles that enable you to talk. It can damage your voice. If it will not be treated immediately, it may expand to other parts of the body.

The Constant Update & research says smoking, alcoholic drinks, higher body obesity and adult attained a height to raise the risk of Larynx cancer.


Types of Larynx cancer?

Every oral cancer patient is different. Our Oral Cancer Surgeon develop a treatment plan tailored to each patient’s specific type of oral cancer listed below:

    1. Squamous cell carcinoma cancer: It develops in the thin, flat cells that line much of the throat. These cells look like fish scales when checked under a microscope.
    2. Adenocarcinoma cancer: It begins in the glandular cells of the throat.
    1. Sarcoma cancer: It is a less common type of throat cancer that develops in the muscle fibres of the neck.
    1. Pharyngeal cancer:It is categorized into three types:
    • Nasopharynx cancer forms in the upper part of the throat, behind the nose.
    • Oropharynx cancer forms in the middle part of the throat, behind the mouth.
    • Hypopharynx cancer forms in the bottom part of the throat, just above the larynx, or voice box.
    1. Laryngeal cancer: It refers to cancer that forms in the larynx.
    Laryngeal cancer and pharyngeal cancer are two of the most common types of throat cancer.

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    • Address 557A1/15C Gultekadi, Market Yard Pune, Maharashtra 411037
    • Phone +91-9607079019, +91-9607079029

    Risk Factor of Larynx cancer?

    Smoking is the most notable risk factor for laryngeal cancer. Death from laryngeal cancer is much more frequent among people who smoke. Passive smoking may also be a risk factor for laryngeal cancer. Moderate or heavy consumption of alcohol is also a risk factor. Who consume one or more alcoholic drink every day, especially if they smoke as well, maybe at greater risk of developing this type of cancer.

    Other risk factors include:
      • poor nutrition and vitamin deficiency
      • human papillomavirus (HPV)
      • being male, as men are four times more likely to develop laryngeal cancer than women
      • being over 40 years of age
      • a previous history of head or neck cancer
      • exposure to certain chemicals in the workplace, such as paint fumes and some chemicals in metalworking
      • low immunity

    Larynx cancer usually does not have signs in the early stages. Most larynx cancers begin as polyps, small non-cancerous growths on the larynx wall that can grow bigger and become destructive. As polyps or cancers develop, they can reduce or block the intestines.

    Signs of Larynx cancer may include:
    • A horse voice
    • Breathing difficulties
    • Excessive coughing
    • A cough with blood
    • Neck pain
    • Sore throat
    • Ear pain
    • Trouble swallowing food
    • Neck swelling
    • Neck lumps
    • Sudden weight loss
      These signs usually do not mean you have Larynx cancer. But if you see one or more of them for more than two weeks, consult your doctor.

    How it is diagnosed?

    Cancer of the larynx may present as a noticeable lump on the outside of the neck. In these cases, the doctor will prescribe a biopsy to help get the final analysis.

    • If a person’s indications suggest a laryngeal or other head and neck tumor, a doctor may use a laryngoscope to help with analysis.
    • Fibre-optic nasal endoscopy involves a thin, flexible scope that the doctor inserts into the nostril. It allows doctors to see the entire pharynx and larynx. This procedure typically takes place in a clinic while the individual is under local anaesthetic.
    • A doctor may suggest a CT scan of the neck or head, or an MRI to see the extent or size of the tumor. This can help the doctor determine if cancer has spread to lymph nodes in the neck.
    • If the lesion appears to be small and limited to one area, the surgeon may do an excisional biopsy, in an attempt to completely remove the tumor and send it to pathology for review.
    • Scientists or technicians will carry out a pathological analysis of any tumors or tissues that appear abnormal to confirm the diagnosis of cancer.
    • If the lab tests confirm laryngeal cancer, doctors may order additional tests to find out if cancer has spread to other parts of the body.
    • Early diagnosis can help support the successful treatment of laryngeal cancer.

    Stages of Larynx Cancer

    If laryngeal cancer is identified, the doctor needs to know the stage, or extent, of the disease to plan the best treatment. Staging is a careful attempt to find out whether cancer has spread, and if so, to what parts of the body. It also helps to understand the care and treatment that will be required.

    Stage 0 or Carcinoma in situ:

    Stage 0 of laryngeal cancer is also called carcinoma in situ. The cancer is only in the inner lining of the larynx. Abnormal cells are found in the lining of the larynx. These abnormal cells may become cancer and spread into nearby normal tissue.

    Stage I:

    cancer has formed and depends on where cancer began in the larynx:

    Supraglottis – Cancer is in more than one area of the supraglottis or surrounding tissues.

    Glottis – Cancer has spread to the supraglottis and/or the subglottis and/or the vocal cords cannot move normally.

    Subglottis – Cancer has spread to one or both vocal cords, which may not move normally.


    Stage II: 

    Cancer has spread through the wall of the colon or rectum to the lining of the stomach, called the visceral peritoneum and has expanded into nearby structures. It has not developed to the nearby lymph nodes or outside.

    Stage III:

    Cancer has spread to one or both vocal cords, which may not move normally. Cancer has also spread to one lymph node on the same side of the neck as the original tumor and the lymph node is three centimeters or smaller.

    Stage IV:

    IVA – Cancer has spread to one lymph node on the same side of the neck as the original tumor and the lymph node is larger than three centimeters but not larger than six centimeters or has spread to more than one lymph node anywhere in the neck with none larger than six centimeters. Cancer may have spread to tissues beyond the larynx, such as the neck, trachea, thyroid, or esophagus. The vocal cords may not move normally.

    IVB – Cancer has spread to the space in front of the spinal column, surrounds the carotid artery, or has spread to parts of the chest. Cancer may have spread to one or more lymph nodes anywhere in the neck and the lymph nodes may be any size.

    IVC – Cancer has spread to other parts of the body such as the lungs, liver or bone.

    What are the treatment options for Larynx Cancer?

    Your larynx cancer treatment at Prolife may include one or more of the following therapies:

    1. Surgery

    Surgery is the most usual treatment for larynx, especially if it has not developed. As for many cancers, surgery for larynx cancer is most successful when done by a surgeon with a great deal of knowledge in the procedure.

    • Cordectomy surgery: Surgery to remove the vocal cords only.
    • Supraglottic laryngectomy: Surgery to remove the supraglottis only.
    • Hemilaryngectomy: Surgery to remove half of the larynx (voice box). A hemilaryngectomy saves the voice.
    • Partial laryngectomy: Surgery to remove part of the larynx (voice box). A partial laryngectomy helps keep the patient’s ability to talk.
    • Total laryngectomy: Surgery to remove the whole larynx. During this operation, a hole is made in the front of the neck to allow the patient to breathe. This is called a tracheostomy.
    • Thyroidectomy: The removal of all or part of the thyroid gland.
    • Laser surgery: A surgical procedure that uses a laser beam (a narrow beam of intense light) as a knife to make bloodless cuts in tissue or to remove a surface lesion such as a tumor in the larynx.


    1. Radiation Therapy : Radiation therapyis a cancer treatment that uses high-energy x-rays or other types of radiation to kill cancer cells or keep them from growing. There are two types of radiation therapy:
    • External radiation therapy uses a machine outside the body to send radiation toward the cancer.
    • Internal radiation therapy uses a radioactive substance sealed in needles, seeds, wires, or catheters that are placed directly into or near the cancer.

    The way the radiation therapy is given depends on the type and stage of the cancer being treated. External radiation therapy is used to treat laryngeal cancer.

    Radiation therapy may work better in patients who have stopped smoking before beginning treatment. External radiation therapy to the thyroid or the pituitary gland may change the way the thyroid gland works. A blood test to check the thyroid hormone level in the body may be done before and after therapy to make sure the thyroid gland is working properly.

    1. Chemotherapy: Chemotherapy is a cancer surgery that uses medicines to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by removing the cells or by stopping the cells from separating.

    Systemic chemotherapy: When chemotherapy is taken by mouth or injected into a vein or muscle, the drugs enter the bloodstream and can reach cancer cells throughout the body.

    Regional chemotherapy: When chemotherapy is placed directly into the cerebrospinal fluid, an organ, or a body cavity such as the abdomen, the drugs mainly affect cancer cells in those areas.

    Chemotherapy depends on the type and stage of the cancer being treated.

    After Treatment: Reconstruction & Rehabilitation

    Healing from Surgery

    Most people who have larynx cancer surgery heal without any problems. These people go home within 2-to-4 days. A fewer number of patients may have a slower recovery and need to wait for a little more.

    You won’t be able to eat until your throat has healed, which for most people takes at least 1 or 2 weeks. While your throat heals, you’ll need to be fed through a tube that’s passed through your nose and into your stomach.

    If you’ve had all of your larynx removed (total laryngectomy), you won’t be able to speak normally, because you will no longer have vocal cords. A number of techniques can be used to replicate the functions of your vocal cords (see below), although they can take weeks or months to learn.

    Try to prepare yourself for strangers reacting in unpredictable and possibly upsetting ways. These emotional changes can sometimes trigger feelings of depression. You may be depressed if you have felt very down during the past month and you no longer take pleasure in doing things you usually enjoy.

    A surgeon will give you guidance on how to take care of yourself, including your surgery, bathing, driving, and sexual activity. There will be information about yourself:

    • Diet
    • Exercise
    • Pain medicine
    • Bowel movements

    After Treatment, you will be given a Daily Goals Checklist. Use that checklist to understand how you are doing every day.

    Follow-up appointments

    After you’ve completed your treatments for Larynx cancer, follow-up care is very essential. Routine checkups can help find any changes in your health, and if cancer comes back (or “recurs”), it can be treated as soon as possible.

    If your treatment has finished, follow-up appointments maybe every 3−6 months for the first couple of years and 6−12 months for the following 3 years.

    Your doctor may check your CEA level before you begin treatment and again after treatment to understand if it has come down. Many doctors suggest a colonoscopy test within 6 months after Larynx cancer surgery.

    Doctors recommend CT scans of the chest, abdomen, and pelvis n a daily schedule for 3 years in people who are at high risk for recurrence.

    Why choose prolife cancer centre for your Larynx Cancer Care?

    At Prolife Cancer Center, your larynx cancer treatment is personalized to give the best results, while concentrating on your quality of life. We offer minimally invasive laparoscopic surgeries that provide successful treatment with less impact on you.

    Dr. Sumit Shah is expertise in treating stage 4 Larynx cancer that has spread to other sections of the body. We offer chemotherapy and targeted therapy options, as well as a Laparoscopic surgery program. We provide most advanced cancer  treatment for the most benefit while reducing the impact on your body.

    Google Reviews

    Based on 204 reviews
    taha ali
    taha ali
    Consulted Dr. Sumit Shah for Cancer of Sigmoid Colon. We consulted our family physician Dr. Murtaza Saifee as my mother was complaining of abdomen pain and bleeding in her stools. Dr. Saifee sent us for further investigations. After doing her PET Scan and Colonoscopy she was diagnosed with Carcinoma of Sigmoid Colon. Dr. Saifee then referred us to Dr. Sumit Shah at Prolife Cancer Centre and Research Institute, Pune for the further treatment. Dr. Shahs expertise and knowledge in the cancer field gave us the confidence to proceed further. Dr. Sumit Shah did her surgery laparoscopic sigmoid colectomy for sigmoid colon cancer and her surgery went well. Her recovery was also quite stable and quicker than we had imagined. Also it was early stage cancer so she didn’t require any chemotherapy or radiotherapy. The entire staff at Prolife Cancer Centre took great care of her and supported her in this journey. Thankyou to Dr. Shah and his team for all that they've done for her fast recovery.
    Azhar Mulla
    Azhar Mulla
    We visited a lot of hospitals and doctors for my father's treatment but continuously failed with his treatment. That's when we came across Dr. Sumit Shah through a through Google search. Visiting Dr. Shah at Prolife Centre and Research Institute was a blessing to us. Dr. Shah's expertise in this field and positive outlook towards the patient gave us confidence in the treatment of my fathers health. My father underwent the Whipple Surgery under Dr. Shah. The surgery was successful and since then his recovery has been smooth. My father's follow up has been regular and the entire staff takes good care of his health. We sincerely express our gratitude to Dr. Shah and the entire team at Prolife Cancer Centre and Research Institute for taking care of my father and helping us out in the challenging journey. Thankyou so much.
    Kartik Rathod
    Kartik Rathod
    Dr. Sumit Shah is a lifesaver in every sense of the word and undoubtedly the best pancreatic cancer surgeon in Pune. His exceptional surgical skills and deep understanding of pancreatic cancer turned a frightening diagnosis into a story of hope and recovery for me. Dr. Shah's attention to detail, commitment to patient well-being, and ability to navigate complex procedures are truly commendable. Thanks to him, I am now enjoying a second chance at life. I can't express my gratitude enough for Dr. Shah's expertise and care. If you're seeking the finest pancreatic cancer treatment in Pune, look no further than Dr. Sumit Shah.
    kiran sathe
    kiran sathe
    I can't thank Dr. Sumit Shah enough for his exceptional surgical skills and personalized care in pancreatic cancer treatment in Pune. Facing pancreatic cancer was daunting, but Dr. Shah's expertise put me at ease. He explained the entire treatment plan thoroughly, and the surgery he performed was a success. I highly recommend Dr. Shah, the leading Pancreatic Cancer doctor in Pune, to anyone seeking the best care for this challenging condition.
    Rangnath Pawar
    Rangnath Pawar
    Visited for pancreatic cancer My father was complaining of stomach ache in April of this year so we took him to a general physician but the pain did not subside. Then we went to an Gastroenterologist Dr. Lalit Shimpi. He investigated further. He told us to do an endoscopy and thats when we were told that he was suffering from Pancreatic Cancer. We also consulted Dr Varun Khandagale , gastroenterologist he also suggested the same. Coming from a small village Takleyali of Taluka Shirur, dist Ahamadnagar.Dr. Shimpi referred us to Dr. Sumit Shah and Prolife Cancer Centre and Research Institute, Gultekdi, Pune. We met Dr. Shah and he recommended us that we go for surgery as its the best fit for him. My father immediately underwent surgery for Carcinoma Pancreas which was done by Dr. Shah himself. Now, my father is undergoing chemotherapy at Prolife Cancer Centre and Research Institute, Gultekdi, Pune under guidance of Dr minish jain and dr shah. we continue to experience the same high level of care. We are confident that he is in the best possible hands as he fights this battle. I cannot thank Dr. Shah and the entire team enough for their expertise, professionalism, and genuine concern for their patients. Thank you all staff and doctors at prolife
    Wasim Shaikh
    Wasim Shaikh
    My brother had pain around his mouth so we consulted our family doctor. We were shocked to know that he was diagnosed with mouth Cancer after investigating further. Post diagnosis we were looking for an experienced oncologist in Pune and that's when our family doctor recommended that we come see Dr. Sumit Shah and talk about the further treatment and management. Our first impression on coming to Profile Cancer Centre and Research institute was quite good. We were all on edge on the day of our first consultation but Dr. Shah was very radiant and confident. He explained everything to us in detail and his positive attitude regarding the health of my brother pushed us to get him treated here. Right from the first day Dr. Shah's entire team took great care of my brother. He underwent surgery here at Prolife. The surgery went well and his recovery was very smooth and quicker than we expected. We really appreciate everything that Dr. Shah and his team did for my brother. Thank you so much to Dr. Shah for treating my brother with utmost care and making the whole journey an easy one for us.
    Ayyub Shaikh
    Ayyub Shaikh
    My wife had difficulty in swallowing a year back so I took the treatment of our family doctor. Her complaints were on and off but never went away. That's when our doctor investigated further and recommended us to Dr. Sumit Shah at Prolife Cancer Centre, Pune. The day we first came to meet Dr. Shah we were very scared and worried about her condition but Dr. Shah provided us the moral boost and explained to us the step by step treatment and the duration. I must say talking to Dr. Shah reduced our worries to tenfold. My wife has nodule in thyroid . She underwent surgery at prolife. Here recovery was very smooth with no change in voice . She started eating in the evening We are very happy and content to have come to him for the treatment. His patient connection and the positive attitude was a relief to me. The staff here was very cooperative and supportive. We are usually scared to go to a hospital but coming here and seeing the infrastructure and the hygiene of this hospital was a total relief to us. Everyone was so attentive and patient with us and I'm thankful to Dr. Shah and his team for taking such good care of my wife. I really appreciate the team of Prolife Centre and recommend every patient to not ignore their symptoms and directly contact Dr. Shah. Thank you so much.
    Sushma Pilane
    Sushma Pilane
    I had pain in my breast so my family doctor recommended me to Dr. Sumit Shah. Meeting him and seeing his positive attitude has given me relief. He guided me through my entire course of treatment. Talking to him has given me a positive outlook towards my symptoms. I would recommend everyone to consult Dr. Shah.

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