Dr. Sumit Shah – Larynx Cancer Surgeon in Pune
What is Larynx Cancer?
A disease in which harmful (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the larynx (voice box). Laryngeal cancer is a type of throat cancer that affects your voice box. It contains cartilage and muscles that enable you to talk. It can damage your voice. If it will not be treated immediately, it may expand to other parts of the body.
The Constant Update & research says smoking, alcoholic drinks, higher body obesity and adult attained a height to raise the risk of Larynx cancer.
Types of Larynx cancer?
Every oral cancer patient is different. Our Oral Cancer Surgeon develop a treatment plan tailored to each patient’s specific type of oral cancer listed below:
- Squamous cell carcinoma cancer: It develops in the thin, flat cells that line much of the throat. These cells look like fish scales when checked under a microscope.
- Adenocarcinoma cancer: It begins in the glandular cells of the throat.
- Sarcoma cancer: It is a less common type of throat cancer that develops in the muscle fibres of the neck.
- Pharyngeal cancer:It is categorized into three types:
- Nasopharynx cancer forms in the upper part of the throat, behind the nose.
- Oropharynx cancer forms in the middle part of the throat, behind the mouth.
- Hypopharynx cancer forms in the bottom part of the throat, just above the larynx, or voice box.
- Laryngeal cancer: It refers to cancer that forms in the larynx.
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Risk Factor of Larynx cancer?
Smoking is the most notable risk factor for laryngeal cancer. Death from laryngeal cancer is much more frequent among people who smoke. Passive smoking may also be a risk factor for laryngeal cancer. Moderate or heavy consumption of alcohol is also a risk factor. Who consume one or more alcoholic drink every day, especially if they smoke as well, maybe at greater risk of developing this type of cancer.
- poor nutrition and vitamin deficiency
- human papillomavirus (HPV)
- being male, as men are four times more likely to develop laryngeal cancer than women
- being over 40 years of age
- a previous history of head or neck cancer
- exposure to certain chemicals in the workplace, such as paint fumes and some chemicals in metalworking
- low immunity
Larynx cancer usually does not have signs in the early stages. Most larynx cancers begin as polyps, small non-cancerous growths on the larynx wall that can grow bigger and become destructive. As polyps or cancers develop, they can reduce or block the intestines.
- A horse voice
- Breathing difficulties
- Excessive coughing
- A cough with blood
- Neck pain
- Sore throat
- Ear pain
- Trouble swallowing food
- Neck swelling
- Neck lumps
- Sudden weight loss
How it is diagnosed?
Cancer of the larynx may present as a noticeable lump on the outside of the neck. In these cases, the doctor will prescribe a biopsy to help get the final analysis.
- If a person’s indications suggest a laryngeal or other head and neck tumor, a doctor may use a laryngoscope to help with analysis.
- Fibre-optic nasal endoscopy involves a thin, flexible scope that the doctor inserts into the nostril. It allows doctors to see the entire pharynx and larynx. This procedure typically takes place in a clinic while the individual is under local anaesthetic.
- A doctor may suggest a CT scan of the neck or head, or an MRI to see the extent or size of the tumor. This can help the doctor determine if cancer has spread to lymph nodes in the neck.
- If the lesion appears to be small and limited to one area, the surgeon may do an excisional biopsy, in an attempt to completely remove the tumor and send it to pathology for review.
- Scientists or technicians will carry out a pathological analysis of any tumors or tissues that appear abnormal to confirm the diagnosis of cancer.
- If the lab tests confirm laryngeal cancer, doctors may order additional tests to find out if cancer has spread to other parts of the body.
- Early diagnosis can help support the successful treatment of laryngeal cancer.
Stages of Larynx Cancer
If laryngeal cancer is identified, the doctor needs to know the stage, or extent, of the disease to plan the best treatment. Staging is a careful attempt to find out whether cancer has spread, and if so, to what parts of the body. It also helps to understand the care and treatment that will be required.
What are the treatment options for Larynx Cancer?
Your larynx cancer treatment at Prolife may include one or more of the following therapies:
Surgery is the most usual treatment for larynx, especially if it has not developed. As for many cancers, surgery for larynx cancer is most successful when done by a surgeon with a great deal of knowledge in the procedure.
- Cordectomy surgery: Surgery to remove the vocal cords only.
- Supraglottic laryngectomy: Surgery to remove the supraglottis only.
- Hemilaryngectomy: Surgery to remove half of the larynx (voice box). A hemilaryngectomy saves the voice.
- Partial laryngectomy: Surgery to remove part of the larynx (voice box). A partial laryngectomy helps keep the patient’s ability to talk.
- Total laryngectomy: Surgery to remove the whole larynx. During this operation, a hole is made in the front of the neck to allow the patient to breathe. This is called a tracheostomy.
- Thyroidectomy: The removal of all or part of the thyroid gland.
- Laser surgery: A surgical procedure that uses a laser beam (a narrow beam of intense light) as a knife to make bloodless cuts in tissue or to remove a surface lesion such as a tumor in the larynx.
- Radiation Therapy : Radiation therapyis a cancer treatment that uses high-energy x-rays or other types of radiation to kill cancer cells or keep them from growing. There are two types of radiation therapy:
- External radiation therapy uses a machine outside the body to send radiation toward the cancer.
- Internal radiation therapy uses a radioactive substance sealed in needles, seeds, wires, or catheters that are placed directly into or near the cancer.
The way the radiation therapy is given depends on the type and stage of the cancer being treated. External radiation therapy is used to treat laryngeal cancer.
Radiation therapy may work better in patients who have stopped smoking before beginning treatment. External radiation therapy to the thyroid or the pituitary gland may change the way the thyroid gland works. A blood test to check the thyroid hormone level in the body may be done before and after therapy to make sure the thyroid gland is working properly.
- Chemotherapy: Chemotherapy is a cancer surgery that uses medicines to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by removing the cells or by stopping the cells from separating.
Systemic chemotherapy: When chemotherapy is taken by mouth or injected into a vein or muscle, the drugs enter the bloodstream and can reach cancer cells throughout the body.
Regional chemotherapy: When chemotherapy is placed directly into the cerebrospinal fluid, an organ, or a body cavity such as the abdomen, the drugs mainly affect cancer cells in those areas.
Chemotherapy depends on the type and stage of the cancer being treated.
After Treatment: Reconstruction & Rehabilitation
Healing from Surgery
Most people who have larynx cancer surgery heal without any problems. These people go home within 2-to-4 days. A fewer number of patients may have a slower recovery and need to wait for a little more.
You won’t be able to eat until your throat has healed, which for most people takes at least 1 or 2 weeks. While your throat heals, you’ll need to be fed through a tube that’s passed through your nose and into your stomach.
If you’ve had all of your larynx removed (total laryngectomy), you won’t be able to speak normally, because you will no longer have vocal cords. A number of techniques can be used to replicate the functions of your vocal cords (see below), although they can take weeks or months to learn.
Try to prepare yourself for strangers reacting in unpredictable and possibly upsetting ways. These emotional changes can sometimes trigger feelings of depression. You may be depressed if you have felt very down during the past month and you no longer take pleasure in doing things you usually enjoy.
A surgeon will give you guidance on how to take care of yourself, including your surgery, bathing, driving, and sexual activity. There will be information about yourself:
- Pain medicine
- Bowel movements
After Treatment, you will be given a Daily Goals Checklist. Use that checklist to understand how you are doing every day.
After you’ve completed your treatments for Larynx cancer, follow-up care is very essential. Routine checkups can help find any changes in your health, and if cancer comes back (or “recurs”), it can be treated as soon as possible.
Why choose prolife cancer centre for your Larynx Cancer Care?
At Prolife Cancer Center, your larynx cancer treatment is personalized to give the best results, while concentrating on your quality of life. We offer minimally invasive laparoscopic surgeries that provide successful treatment with less impact on you.
Dr. Sumit Shah is expertise in treating stage 4 Larynx cancer that has spread to other sections of the body. We offer chemotherapy and targeted therapy options, as well as a Laparoscopic surgery program. We provide most advanced cancer treatment for the most benefit while reducing the impact on your body.