What is Liver cancer?
Liver cancer is a disease that occurs in the liver. The liver is the biggest glandular organ in the body and performs several critical roles to keep the body clear of viruses and dangerous substances. It’s located in the right upper quadrant of the stomach, right below the ribs.
In adults, renal cell carcinoma is the most usual type of kidney cancer — about 90 % of cancerous tumors. A few general kinds of kidney cancer can occur. Growing children are more likely to develop a kind of kidney cancer called Wilms’ tumor.
Types of Liver Cancer
- Hepatocellular carcinoma
This condition occurs in the hepatocytes, which are the predominant liver cells. It can grow from the liver to different parts of the body, such as the pancreas, intestines, and abdomen.
Cholangiocarcinoma, more usually known as bile duct cancer, begins in the short, tube-like bile ducts in the liver. These tubes carry bile to the gallbladder to help with digestion.
- Liver Angiosarcoma
Liver angiosarcoma is a unique kind of liver cancer that occurs in the blood veins of the liver. This type of cancer tends to grow very fast, so it’s typically diagnosed at a more superior stage.
Hepatoblastoma is a very rare type of liver cancer. It’s nearly always seen in kids, especially those under age 3. With surgery and chemotherapy, the risk for people with this kind of cancer can be really good.
Types of Liver Cancer
Factors that can raise the risk of kidney cancer include:
- Older age. Your risk of kidney cancer rises as you age.
- Smoking. Smokers have a higher risk of kidney cancer than nonsmokers do. The risk reduces after you quit.
- Obesity. People who are overweight have a higher risk of kidney cancer than people who are held normal weight.
- High blood pressure (hypertension). High blood pressure raises your risk of kidney cancer.
- Treatment for kidney failure. People who receive long-term dialysis to treat chronic kidney failure have a higher risk of acquiring kidney cancer.
- Family history of kidney cancer. Even in the lack of an inherited syndrome, people who have a strong family history of renal cell cancer have a greater risk of kidney cancer.
- Exposure to certain substances in the workplace. This might include, for example, exposure to cadmium or particular herbicides.
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What are the Symptoms of Liver Cancer?
Most people don’t have signs in the initial stages of primary liver cancer. When symptoms do arise, they may include:
- Dropping weight without working
- Lack of appetite
- Upper gastric pain
- Illness and vomiting
- General debility and fatigue
- Abdominal swelling
- Yellow stain of your skin and the whites of your eyes
- White, gray stools
How can it be diagnosed?
Early diagnosis dramatically improves your chances for successful treatment. Prolife cancer centre uses the most advanced techniques and technology to determine if a tumor is benign (not cancer), pre-cancer or cancer. Prolife is the best location for Diagnosis & Treatment of Liver Cancer.
- Blood and urine tests. Tests of your blood & urine may give your doctor about liver function abnormalities.
- Imaging tests. Imaging tests allow your surgeon to imagine liver disease. Imaging tests might include an ultrasound, a CT scan or MRI.
- Biopsy. In a few cases, your doctor may suggest a method to extract a small sample of cells (biopsy) from a suspicious region of the liver. The sample is tested in a lab to see for signs of cancer.
Stages of Liver Cancer
Your surgeon can rate liver cancer with a staging system that goes from stages 0 to 4 to recognize how far the cancer has grown. The stages of liver cancer mean the following:
- Stage I – At this stage, the tumor can be up to 2 3/4 inches in diameter. The tumor is limited to the kidney.
- Stage II – At this kidney tumor is higher than a stage I tumor, but it’s still restricted to the kidney.
- Stage III – At this stage, the tumor spreads beyond the kidney to the surrounding tissue and may also have developed to nearby lymph nodes.
- Stage IV – At this stage, the tumor grows outside the kidney to many lymph nodes or distant parts of the body, such as the bones, liver or lungs.
Prolife cancer centre has best cancer specialist who customizes liver cancer treatment to your particular needs. One or more of the following therapies may be recommended to treat cancer or help relieve symptoms.
Operations used to treat liver cancer include:
- Surgery to remove the tumor:If tumour is small and liver functions good, liver cancer doctors may perform surgeries to remove tumour along with some healthy liver tissues.
- Liver transplant surgery:In liver transplant diseased liver is replaced with healthy liver from donor.
- Radiation therapy
Radiation therapy is used if all other treatment methods are failed. It is also used to control cancer symptoms
Radiation therapy uses high-powered energy from sources such as X-rays and protons to destroy cancer cells and reduce size of tumors. Doctors carefully direct the energy to the liver, while sparing the surrounding healthy tissue.
In external beam radiation therapy treatment, patient is said to lie on a table and a beam is allowed to pass at a precise point on your body.
Targeted drug therapy
Targeted drug therapy focus on certain abnormalities present within cancer cells. By killing these abnormalities through targeted drug cancer cells are allowed to die.
Immunotherapy is uses internal immune system of patient to fight with cancer. Sometimes immune system of patient is unable to attack cancer as the cancer cells produce proteins that blind the immune system cells. Immunotherapy is used to improve this process. It is used for patients with advanced liver cancer.
Chemotherapy uses drugs to kill rapidly growing cancer cells. It can be controlled either through a vein in your arm, in pill form or both.
Prognosis and follow up
The prognosis for liver cancer depends on various factors that includes size of the tumour, the number of lesions, spread of tumour, health of the surrounding liver tissues, overall health of liver and patients health.
A prognostic factor is an aspect of cancer or a characteristic of the person that the doctor will consider when making a prognosis.
A predictive factor influences how cancer will respond to a certain treatment. Prognostic and predictive factors both play a part in deciding on a treatment plan and a prognosis.
Doctors use different prognostic and predictive factors for newly diagnosed and recurrent breast cancers.
Why to choose prolife Caancer Centre for Liver Cancer Treatment
Prolife Cancer Centre is renowned name for liver cancer treatment in Pune. We at Prolife provide you advanced methodologies of diagnosis and treatment of liver cancer. Our aim is to cure and provide a better quality of life for our patients in sophisticated infrastructure. We at Prolife, provide complete care to our patients from early detection and prevention, better diagnostics and treatment options. Dr. Sumit Shah, Laparoscopic Surgeon, provides the best treatment for liver cancer in Pune. He has handled more than 10000 cancer patients.
At Prolife Cancer Centre our medical oncologist, radiation oncologist, surgical oncologist and reconstructive surgeon work together as a team to achieve the best possible outcome. They coordinate care and develop a comprehensive treatment plans that’s unique to each patient’s disease and their needs.