Sarcomas

Home Sarcomas

What is Soft Tissue Sarcomas?

 

Soft tissue sarcomas are group of cancers that typically develop in the soft tissues surrounding, connecting or supporting the body’s structures and organs. These tissues includes muscles, joints, tendons, fat, blood vessels, nerves and tissues.

Some soft-tissue tumors, such as lipomas and hemangiomas, are benign (not cancer). Others are malignant (cancer) and are called soft tissue sarcomas. There are more than 30 types of sarcoma, making each extremely rare. Sarcomas are classified into groups that have similar types of cancer cells and symptoms. They usually are named for the type of tissue where they start. Sarcomas within a classification often are treated the same way.

Types of Sarcomas Cancer :

The main types of soft-tissue sarcoma begin in:

  • Muscle tissue
  • Peripheral nerve tissue
  • Joint tissue
  • Blood and lymph vessels
  • Fibrous tissue

Sarcomas of uncertain tissue type: In this type of sarcoma, doctors are not able to determine the exact type of tissue where the cancer began.

What are the symptoms of soft tissue sarcoma?

Signs of sarcoma vary from person to person. Many times sarcoma does not have symptoms in the early stages. Only about half of soft-tissue sarcomas are found in the early stages before they spread.

The location of the sarcoma makes a difference in the symptoms. For instance if they start:

  • On the arms or legs, you may notice a lump that grows over a period of weeks to months. It may hurt, but it usually doesn’t.
  • In the retroperitoneum (the back wall inside the abdomen), they may cause problems that have symptoms, such as pain. Tumors may cause blockage or bleeding of the stomach or bowels. They may grow large enough for the tumor to be felt in the abdomen.
  • A new lump or a lump that is growing anywhere on your body
  • Abdominal pain that is getting worse
  • Blood in your stool or vomit
  • Black, tarry stools (this may mean there is internal bleeding).

These symptoms do not always mean you have sarcoma. However, it is important to discuss any symptoms with your doctor, since they may also signal other health problems. Some cases of soft tissue sarcoma can be passed down from one generation to the next. Genetic counseling may be right for you.

Book Appointment

    .

    Quick Contact

    • Address 557A1/15C Gultekadi, Market Yard Pune, Maharashtra 411037
    • Phone +91-9607079019, +91-9607079029

    Soft Tissue Sarcoma Risk Factors

    Anything that increases your chance of getting cancer is a risk factor. For sarcoma, risk factors include:

    Inherited genetic conditions such as:

    • Von Recklinghausen disease
    • Li-Fraumeni syndrome
    • Gardner syndrome
    • Inherited retinoblastoma
    • Werner syndrome
    • Gorlin syndrome
    • Tuberous sclerosis
    • Damage or removal of lymph nodes during previous cancer treatments.
    • Exposure to vinyl chloride, a chemical used in making plastics.
    • Previous radiation treatment for another cancer.

    Other risk factors include:

    • Fine needle aspiration (FNA): A very small needle is placed into the tumor and suction is applied. CT (computed tomography) scans may be used to help guide the needle.
    • Core needle: The doctor uses a needle slightly larger than the one used in an FNA biopsy to remove a cylindrical sample of tissue.
    • Incisional: An incision (cut) is made in the skin and a small part of tumor is removed.
    • Excisional: An incision (cut) is made in the skin and the entire growth is removed surgically.

    How is soft tissue sarcoma diagnosed?

    We have the latest methods and technology to be sure you get the most accurate diagnosis possible. This can make a difference in the success of your treatment.

    Accurate Diagnosis is Essential

    Since sarcomas are complex and can develop in so many places in the body, they can be difficult to diagnose. However, it’s important to have an accurate diagnosis of the type and extent of the sarcoma before you are treated.

    If you have symptoms that may signal sarcoma, your doctor will examine you and ask you questions about your health and your family medical history.

    Sarcoma Diagnostic Tests

    The only way to be certain a tumor is sarcoma is a biopsy (removing a small number of cells to examine under a microscope). Imaging tests may be used before or after biopsy to determine the location and extent of the tumor.

    Biopsy

    The doctor will choose one of the following types of biopsy depending on where the tumor is.

    • Fine needle aspiration (FNA): A very small needle is placed into the tumor and suction is applied. CT (computed tomography) scans may be used to help guide the needle.
    • Core needle: The doctor uses a needle slightly larger than the one used in an FNA biopsy to remove a cylindrical sample of tissue.
    • Incisional: An incision (cut) is made in the skin and a small part of tumor is removed.
    • Excisional: An incision (cut) is made in the skin and the entire growth is removed surgically.

    Stages of Srcomas

    Stage 1A

    T1, N0, M0, G1 or GX: The tumor is not larger than 5 cm (2 inches) across (T1). It has not spread to lymph nodes (N0) or more distant sites (M0). The cancer is grade 1 (or the grade cannot be assessed).

    Stage 1B

    T2, N0, M0, G1 or GX: The tumor is larger than 5 cm (2 inches) across (T2). It has not spread to lymph nodes (N0) or more distant sites (M0). The cancer is grade 1 (or the grade cannot be assessed).

    Stage 2A

    T1, N0, M0, G2 or G3: The tumor is not larger than 5 cm (2 inches) across (T1). It has not spread to lymph nodes (N0) or more distant sites (M0). The cancer is grade 2 or 3.

    Stage 2B

    T2, N0, M0, G2: The tumor is larger than 5 cm (2 inches) across (T2). It has not spread to lymph nodes (N0) or more distant sites (M0). The cancer is grade 2.

    Stage 3: Either

    T2, N0, M0, G3: It is larger than 5 cm (2 inches) across (T2). It has not spread to lymph nodes (N0) or more distant sites (M0). The cancer is grade 3, OR

    Any T, N1, M0, any G: The cancer can be any size (any T) and any grade. It has spread to nearby lymph nodes (N1). It has not spread to distant sites (M0).

    Stage 4

    Any G, Any T, Any N, M1: The tumor has spread to lymph nodes near the tumor (N1) and/or to distant sites (M1). It can be any size (any T) and grade (any G).

    Once the staging classification is determined, the stage stays the same even if treatment is successful or the cancer spreads.

    What are the treatment options for soft tissue sarcoma?

    Our surgeons are among the most skilled in the world in surgery for sarcoma. They use the latest techniques, including limb-sparing surgeries, which we helped pioneer. Usually patients are able to avoid the loss of an arm or leg.

    Our Sarcoma Treatments

    Sarcomas usually are treated with a combination of therapies that may include surgery, chemotherapy and radiation. If you are diagnosed with sarcoma, your doctor will discuss the best options to treat it. This depends on several factors, including:

    • The location and type of sarcoma
    • If the cancer has spread
    • Possible impact on your body
    • Your general health

    Your treatment for sarcoma will be customized to your particular needs. It may include one or more of the following.

    Surgery

    Like all surgeries, sarcoma surgery is most successful when performed by a specialist with a great deal of experience in the particular procedure.

    Surgery is the main treatment for soft-tissue sarcomas. The surgeon removes the tumor, as well as a margin of healthy tissue around it to take out as many cancer cells as possible. You may receive chemotherapy or radiation therapy before or after the surgery.

    Chemotherapy

    We offers the most up-to-date and advanced chemotherapy options. Chemotherapy may be used as the main treatment for sarcoma or with surgery or radiation. A combination of two or more chemotherapy drugs may be used.

    Radiation Therapy

    New radiation therapy techniques and remarkable skill allow doctors to target tumors more precisely, delivering the maximum amount of radiation with the least damage to healthy cells.

    Radiation therapy usually is not used as the main treatment for sarcoma, but it may be used before surgery to shrink the tumor or after surgery to destroy remaining cancer cells.

    Proton Therapy

    The Proton Therapy Center is one of the largest and most advanced centers in the world. It’s the only proton therapy facility in the country located within a comprehensive cancer center.

    Proton therapy delivers high radiation doses directly to the tumor site, sparing nearby healthy tissue and vital organs. For some patients, this therapy results in better cancer control with less impact on the body.

    Prognosis & Followup

    A prognosis is the Oncologist’s best estimate of how cancer will affect someone and how it will respond to treatment.

    Prognosis and survival depend on many factors. Only a Oncologist familiar with your medical history, the type, stage and characteristics of your cancer, the treatments chosen and the response to treatment can put all of this information together with survival statistics to arrive at a prognosis.

    A prognostic factor is an aspect of the cancer or a characteristic of the person that the oncologist will consider when making a prognosis.

    A predictive factor influences how a cancer will respond to a certain treatment. Prognostic and predictive factors both play a part in deciding on a treatment plan and a prognosis.

    Oncologist use different prognostic and predictive factors for newly diagnosed and recurrent breast cancers.

    Why choose Prolife cancer centre for soft tissue sarcoma care?

    Prolife features one of the few medical teams in the world devoted to soft-tissue sarcomas. Our experts customize your care to deliver the most successful treatment, while focusing on your quality of life.

    We see more sarcoma patients in a day than many cancer centers do in a year. This gives us a level of expertise and experience that can make a difference in your outcome.

    Diagnosis of sarcomas can be challenging, but accurate diagnosis is essential to successful treatment. In fact, having an inaccurate or unsuccessful biopsy can be harmful. Our pathologists are dedicated to sarcoma, and they use the latest, most-sophisticated tests to pinpoint the type and extent of the cancer.

    Google Reviews

    Based on 139 reviews.
    S S Patnaik
    S S Patnaik
    2021-09-19
    Before explaining my journey, summery of assessment on 5 Point Rating Scale (5 points- excellent, 0 points- Poor) as below: Overall rating: 5 Doctor availability/ Waiting time: 5 Doctor behavior/friendliness: 5 Staff behavior: 5 Communication/ Appointment: 3 Follow-up Care: 5 Billing: 5 Comfort and Cleanliness: 5 Parking: 3 Recommendation: 5 I never thought that someone from my family will suffer with cancer. The day when I came to know that my father has oral cancer, my whole family members were in shock. We were worried due to mainly 2 reasons 1. My father’s age (as he’s 72 years old) and 2. Complexity in treatment process. It started with minor dental pain and when we meet dentist he recommended for an Oncologist. I vigorously searched for best oncologist in Pune. During my search process I found Dr. Sumit Shah’s name and I thought to give him a try. Dr. Shah is incredible. He devotes much time to the patients and their queries. The day I met him, my search came to end. The way he explained about the disease, operation procedure (neck dissection) and recovery process was EXTRAORDINARY. He calmly and patiently explained all doubts and assured us nothing to worry. This gave us peace of mind and we decided to go with treatment process as per Dr. Shah. My father went under successful operation in last month and he’s quickly recovering from it. During the hospitalization period, unlike many doctors, Dr. Shah was available on WhatsApp and responded immediately to the queries/needfulness, which was a big sigh of relief. Now my father is doing well and follow-up is continuing. Appreciate Dr. Shah taking time to go over the diagnosis clearly and treatment options. The staff and the medical assistant were very nice and helpful. The appointment follow-up is wonderful (although they missed once in my case). HIGHLY RECOMMENDED. Thank You Dr. Sumit Shah and team!
    Nagesh awchar
    Nagesh awchar
    2021-09-04
    Doctor is very friendly and hospital is best and easy to find.
    Vishnu panbude
    Vishnu panbude
    2021-09-02
    I was treated by Dr. Shah in 2018, I am glad to share that m completely fine. And having routine follow up under his consultation. Thanking him!
    Irfan Shaikh
    Irfan Shaikh
    2021-08-27
    My name is Islam shaikh. Now I am 54 years old. Almost 5 years back I had wound in my right side of mouth . For the same we meet Dr Sumit Shah through our family physician . I remember the day and Dr shah told me the nature of surgery and risk invoke in it. My wife and entire family was very afraid but we decided to follow Dr Shah sirs advice. I underwent surgery but had problem on around 3 rd day of surgery . My son called dr shah, he reached immediately in hospital and deed needful. Still I remember that day and his words GIVE TIME . Now it’s been 5 years I am perfectly all right eating, speaking well .I am on regular follow up with sir.Thanks!
    balu sathya
    balu sathya
    2021-08-23
    Sir has treated my mother very well. He give us proper guidance. Thank you so much sir.
    Abhijeet Dhole patil
    Abhijeet Dhole patil
    2021-08-21
    Dr. Shah sir is has best experienced doctor, he valued my time and money. Thank you Sir. Worthy consultation.
    Salimnawaz Shaikh
    Salimnawaz Shaikh
    2021-08-06
    I was diagnosed with a benign tumor and Dr Sumit Shah explained me very well on detail about it and what kind of tumor it is and what will be best course of action. Surgery was perfect and now I recovering very well. Definitely recommend. Thank you Dr Shah.
    Subhash Gaikwad
    Subhash Gaikwad
    2021-07-26
    I,one of small scale industrialist, Shubhash Gaikwad, a regular exerciser and healthy food consumer, would never thought to come at this way. But life is about uncertainty and unknown challenges. So before 1 year near my tonsils, I got a lump. So my nephew who is also doctor recommended me to go for advanced opinion and gave reference of Dr. Sumit Shah .First I took chemotherapy and then went to surgery under Dr sumit Shah. As there are some myths about the disease and I have some doubt about it. And Dr. Shah gave all the answers to my questions. My treatment is been completed now. And Ca Rt Retromolar trigone is cured. The journey taught so many lessons for new start. The most important thing is that life is beautiful and u need to take some effors to make it better through disciplines of health and well management of ours mental health.
    Anand Pawar
    Anand Pawar
    2021-07-15
    Hi This is Ananad pawar . I never thought that my minor dental pain will drive here . As future is unpredictable. My story was too unpredictable. Bt my one of habbit of regular consuming alchohol and tobacco cause to create volcano in my life. 8 months back i went for dental check up. He suggested me for expert advise. One of my relative suggested me the name of Dr. Sumit Shah. When we met Dr. Shah, he clears all doubts and worries about Cancer. This conversation set my mind in peace and relaxed. I became ready to operate my Oral Cancer under Dr.shah's treatment. His friendly and explanative nature about disease made us believe that cancer can be cure and we can restart our life. This journey taught me lesson that stop consuming alcohol and avoid Tobacco.

    Choose Your Hospital, Choose The Best Care For Yourself