Unveiling Tongue Cancer: Symptoms, Causes, and Awareness

Tongue Cancer: Symptoms, Causes, and Awareness | Dr. Sumit Shah


Cancer, a term that strikes fear in the hearts of many, can affect various parts of the body, including the tongue. Tongue cancer is a type of oral cancer that can significantly impact a person’s quality of life if not detected and treated early. In this blog, we will delve into the symptoms and causes of tongue cancer, shedding light on the importance of awareness and early diagnosis.

Symptoms of Tongue Cancer

Tongue cancer often presents with a variety of symptoms, many of which might initially be mistaken for less serious conditions. Recognizing these signs can be crucial in seeking timely medical attention. Some common symptoms of tongue cancer include:

  • Persistent Sore or Ulcer: A sore or ulcer on the tongue that doesn’t heal within a few weeks should not be ignored. Such wounds might cause discomfort, pain, or difficulty in eating and speaking.
  • Pain or Numbness: Unexplained pain or numbness in the mouth, tongue, or throat area could indicate an underlying issue, possibly tongue cancer.
  • Swelling: Noticeable swelling on the tongue, along with red or white patches, can be indicative of abnormal growth.
  • Difficulty Swallowing: Tongue cancer can lead to difficulties in swallowing, often accompanied by a feeling of something being stuck in the throat.
  • Changes in Speech: Changes in speech, such as sudden hoarseness or slurring, can be a sign of an issue affecting the tongue or nearby structures.
  • Persistent Ear Pain: Unexplained pain in the ear, particularly on one side, might be connected to tongue cancer, as the tongue and ear share certain nerve pathways.
  • Unexplained Weight Loss: Rapid and unexplained weight loss can sometimes be linked to cancers, including tongue cancer.

Causes of Tongue Cancer

While the exact cause of tongue cancer is not always clear, certain risk factors have been identified that increase the likelihood of developing this condition. Understanding these risk factors can help individuals make informed decisions about their lifestyle and healthcare choices. Some of the causes and risk factors associated with tongue cancer include:

  • Tobacco and Alcohol Use: The most significant risk factors for oral cancers, including tongue cancer, are tobacco use (smoking or chewing) and excessive alcohol consumption. These substances expose the delicate tissues of the mouth to carcinogens.
  • Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Infection: Certain strains of HPV have been linked to an increased risk of oral cancers, including tongue cancer.
  • Poor Oral Hygiene: Neglecting oral hygiene and dental care can lead to chronic irritation and inflammation of the mouth’s tissues, potentially contributing to the development of cancerous cells.
  • Genetics: A family history of oral cancer can elevate the risk of developing tongue cancer.
  • Age and Gender: Tongue cancer is more common in individuals over the age of 40, and it tends to affect men more frequently than women.


Tongue cancer is a serious condition that can have profound effects on an individual’s health and well-being. Recognizing the symptoms and understanding the underlying causes are crucial steps toward early diagnosis and effective treatment. If you or someone you know experiences any persistent symptoms related to tongue discomfort, it’s essential to consult a medical professional promptly.

Dr. Sumit Shah and Prolife Cancer Centre & Research Institute have been at the forefront of cancer awareness and treatment. Their dedication to spreading awareness about the signs and symptoms of tongue cancer has been instrumental in helping patients seek timely medical attention. Remember, knowledge is a powerful tool in the fight against cancer, and early detection can make a significant difference in a patient’s journey toward recovery.