Types of Head and Neck Cancers

Types of Head and Neck Cancer | Prolife Cancer Centre

Head and neck cancers are a group of cancers that develop in the tissues of the head and neck, including the mouth, throat, nose, sinuses, salivary glands, and lymph nodes in the neck. These cancers can be categorized based on the type of cell that is affected and the location where cancer originates. The following are the types of Head and Neck Cancer.

Some of the Common Types of Head and Neck Cancer

Squamous cell carcinoma

Squamous cell carcinoma is the most common type of head and neck cancer, accounting for about 90% of cases. This cancer usually starts in the flat, thin cells that line the surface of the structures in the head and neck, such as the mouth, throat, and voice box. Other types of head and neck cancers include salivary gland cancer, lymphoma, and sarcoma.

Oral cavity cancer

Oral cavity cancer is a type of head and neck cancer that develops in the mouth, including the lips, tongue, gums, and floor of the mouth. This cancer can be caused by tobacco and alcohol use, as well as by human papillomavirus (HPV) infection.

Pharyngeal cancer

Pharyngeal cancer develops in the pharynx, which is the hollow tube that runs from the nose to the esophagus. This cancer can affect the nasopharynx (the upper part of the throat behind the nose), the oropharynx (the middle part of the throat including the tonsils and base of the tongue), or the hypopharynx (the lower part of the throat).

Laryngeal cancer

Laryngeal cancer develops in the larynx, which is the voice box that is located in the neck. This cancer can cause hoarseness or difficulty speaking.

Sinus cancer

Sinus cancer develops in the sinus cavities, which are located behind the nose and eyes. This cancer can cause symptoms such as nasal congestion, facial pain or swelling, and headaches.

Salivary gland cancer

Salivary gland cancer develops in the glands that produce saliva, which is located under the tongue and in the cheeks. This cancer can cause swelling and pain in the face or jaw.


The treatment for head and neck cancer depends on the type and stage of cancer, as well as the patient’s overall health. Treatment options may include surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, targeted therapy, and immunotherapy. Dr. Sumit Shah at Prolife cancer centre is a Head and Neck Cancer Specialist in Pune who has extensive experience in the diagnosis and treatment of all types of head and neck cancers.

Prolife cancer centre offers personalized treatment plans based on each patient’s unique needs and works closely with a team of specialists to provide comprehensive care. If you or a loved one has been diagnosed with head and neck cancer, contact Dr. Sumit Shah for expert Head and Neck Cancer Treatment in Pune.

About Dr. Sumit shah

Dr. Sumit Shah has treated thousands of patients suffering from Cancer. He is one of the few oncologists in Pune who perform Minimal Access (keyhole) Surgery to offer his patients a smooth & pain-free recovery from Cancer. He is a highly experienced Oncologist in Pune with 14 years of expertise in surgical oncology. He is the Founder of Prolife Cancer Centre and is the Chief Consultant, Surgical Oncologist & Laparoscopic Cancer Surgeon in Pune. He pursued a super specialty course at the Cancer Centre Welfare Home and Res. Institute, Kolkata, and being awarded as the Best Outgoing Cancer Surgeon from his Institute, Dr. Shah is one of the Best Surgical Oncologist in Pune, India who possesses this recognized degree in Surgical Oncology.