Prolife Cancer Centre – Urinary Bladder Cancer Treatment in Pune
What is Bladder Cancer?
Bladder cancer occurs in the tissues of the bladder, which is the organ in the body that contains urine. Bladder cancer occurs in men more often than it does in women and normally affects older adults, though it can occur at any age. Dr. Sumit Shah provides the best Urinary Bladder Cancer Treatment in Pune at Prolife Cancer Centre which is the best cancer care centre in Pune.
Types of Bladder Cancer?
Transitional cell carcinoma
It starts in the transitional cells in the internal layer of the bladder. Transitional cells are cells that grow shape without becoming damaged when the tissue is increased.
Squamous cell carcinoma
Squamous cell carcinoma is a rare cancer. It starts when small, flat squamous cells form in the bladder after long-term infection or inflammation in the bladder.
Adenocarcinoma is also a rare cancer. It occurs when glandular cells form in the bladder after long-term bladder irritation and inflammation. Glandular cells are what make up the mucus-secreting glands in the body.
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Bladder Cancer Risk Factors
Smoking : Smoking cigarettes, cigars or pipes may raise the risk of bladder cancer by producing harmful elements to grow in the urine
Increasing age : Bladder cancer risk rises as you age. Bladder cancer can occur at any age, but it’s rarely seen in people younger than 40.
Being white : White people have a higher risk of bladder cancer than do people of other races.
Being a man. Men are more likely to grow bladder cancer than women are.
Chronic bladder inflammation : Chronic or repeated urinary infections or inflammations, such as might occur with long-term use of a urinary catheter, may raise the risk of a squamous cell bladder cancer.
Exposure to certain chemicals : Your kidneys play a key role in filtering toxic substances from your bloodstream and pushing them into your bladder. Because of this, it’s thought that being around certain elements may raise the risk of bladder cancer.
Family History: Having a family history of bladder cancer increases the risk of bladder cancer.
Symptoms of Bladder Cancer
Many people with bladder cancer can have blood in their urine, but no discomfort while urinating. Some symptoms might indicate bladder cancer like weakness, weight loss, and bone tenderness, and these can indicate more difficult diseases. You should pay particular attention to the following signs:
- Blood in the urine
- Painful urination
- Frequent urination
- Urgent urination
- Urinary desire
- Pain in the abdominal section
- Pain in the lower back
Diagnosis of Bladder Cancer
If your doctor finds something different in screening or you have any of the signs of Bladder cancer, further tests will be required to diagnose the condition.
- Biopsy: a biopsy in which your surgeon inserts a small instrument into your urethra and takes a little sample of tissue from your bladder to test for cancer.
- Blood Tests: This test measures the various kinds of cells in your blood. It can show if you have anemia. Some people with Bladder cancer become weak because the tumor has been bleeding.
- Imaging: Imaging tests use x-rays, magnetic fields, sound waves, or radioactive substances produce pictures of the inside of your body. Imaging tests allow your surgeon to check the structures of your urinary tract. Imaging experiments might be taken for many purposes, such as:
Determining the extent of the cancer
After verifying that you have bladder cancer, your surgeon may recommend further tests to determine whether your cancer has grown to your lymph nodes or other regions of your body.
Tests may include:
- CT scans
- Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
- Bone scan
- Chest X-ray
Stages of Bladder Cancer
Your surgeon can rate bladder cancer with a staging system that goes from stages 0 to 4 to recognize how far the cancer has grown. The stages of bladder cancer mean the following:
- Stage 0 – bladder cancer hasn’t reached past the lining of the bladder.
- Stage 1 – bladder cancer has reached past the lining of the bladder, but it hasn’t reached the layer of tissue in the bladder.
- Stage 2– bladder cancer has grown to the layer of muscle in the bladder.
- Stage 3 – bladder cancer has developed into the tissues that surround the bladder.
- Stage 4 – bladder cancer has grown past the bladder in the nearby regions of the body.
Treatment options for Bladder cancer
Transurethral resection of bladder tumor is the most common surgery for bladder cancer that’s in the beginning stages. This method is done in a hospital.
Your doctor will put a tool called a resectoscope into your bladder through your urethra. That’s the tube that urine flows through when you go to the toilet. The resectoscope has a wire loop at the end. Your surgeon will use it to remove abnormal tissues. If you still have cancer after the tumor is removed, your surgeon can destroy it using a laser and another tool called a cystoscope.
This method involves using high-energy radiation to kill cancer cells. It’s a lot like getting an X-ray only much more effective. It doesn’t harm. You might require to get radiation 5 days a week for several weeks.
Your surgeon may suggest it for one of the following reasons:
• You have early-stage bladder cancer
• You have early-stage cancer, but can’t have surgery
• As a follow-up to TURBT removal surgery
• To prevent or treat the signs of advanced bladder cancer
Your doctor will give you chemo through an IV. That means the medicine travels through your bloodstream to other portions of your body. It can destroy cancer cells that may have grown beyond your bladder.
It uses drugs that hit certain genes on tumor cells to destroy cancer. This treatment limits damage to the healthy cells in your body, which can occur with radiation or chemotherapy.
Your surgeon will decide which drug is best for you by examining cells from your tumor first.
- Which type of tumor you have and how many there are
- Whether it’s harmful
- If it has expanded to different sections of your body
Surgeons can treat Bladder Cancer with surgery, radiation, chemotherapy, and drugs. The treatment you get will depend on:
Why choose Prolife Cancer Center for Bladder Cancer Treatment?
With Laparoscopic surgery, Prolife offers the best Urinary Bladder Cancer Treatment in Pune. Our globally renowned team of physicians shows your treatment for the most benefit while reducing the impact on your body.
Dr. Sumit Shah is expertise in treating bladder Cancer that has spread to other sections of the body. We offer Laparoscopic surgery program & as well as chemotherapy and targeted therapy options.