What are Urologic Cancers?
Cancer is the result of fast and abnormal cell growth.
Urologic cancers affect the organs and structures of the male and female urinary system and the male reproductive system.
These cancers are fairly common. our experts address the many aspects of urologic cancers.
We work closely with your referring doctor and other specialists to tailor treatment suited to your type and stage of cancer.
Types Of Urologic Cancers:
Some cancers of the urinary tract can occur in both men and women:
- Bladder cancer
- Kidney (renal) cancer
Others are specific to men:
- Prostate cancer
- Testicular cancer
- Penile cancer
Tobacco use is an important risk factor for all urologic cancers.
What are the symptoms of urologic cancers?
Most of the time, symptoms don’t occur until the cancer has become more advanced. Then, they depend on the type of cancer. Blood in the urine (without pain) is a symptom of bladder, kidney and prostate cancer—at later stages, pelvic and back pain can also develop. Patients with prostate cancer may also have other changes in urination and sexual function. Those with testicular or penile cancer may notice a visible lesion on the skin, along with other skin changes or swelling. Any cancer patient can experience weight loss and fatigue.
More often, these cancers are detected during a routine physical exam of the abdomen or genitals.
How are urologic cancers diagnosed?
Once doctors have reason to suspect a urologic cancer, they may perform some of the following tests:
Cytoscopy or ureteroscopy, using a tool with a tiny light or camera to check the ureter (the tube that carries urine), bladder and kidney for tumors.
Lab tests to look for changes in the blood that could be signs of cancer.
Imaging studies (MRI, X-ray, ultrasound, CT scan or angiogram) to check for abnormal tissue anywhere along the urinary tract.
Biopsy to obtain a sample of abnormal tissue and analyze it for cancer cells.
Urologic Cancer Types
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Treatment for urologic cancer depends on several factors, such as the tumor’s grade and stage (indicating how advanced the cancer has become) and the patient’s preference. Common options include surgery, chemotherapy and radiation therapy. Patients can also receive immunotherapy, which boosts the immune system to fight disease.
If a significant portion of the bladder is removed, the surgeon may create a stoma (opening in the skin) as a new route to drain urine. Removal of one of the two kidneys doesn’t disrupt urologic function.
Since prostate cancer often occurs in older men, doctors may recommend a “watchful waiting” strategy (called active surveillance), in which they regularly monitor the patient and provide treatment only if the cancer progresses. This strategy helps to preserve quality of life.
For testicular and penile cancer, there’s an emphasis on maintaining organ function, but sexual dysfunction can result from treatment. After the tumor has been removed, the option to rebuild the organ (reconstruction surgery) is usually available.
A prognosis is the Oncologist’s best estimate of how cancer will affect someone and how it will respond to treatment.
Prognosis and survival depend on many factors. Only a Oncologist familiar with your medical history, the type, stage and characteristics of your cancer, the treatments chosen and the response to treatment can put all of this information together with survival statistics to arrive at a prognosis.
A prognostic factor is an aspect of the cancer or a characteristic of the person that the oncologist will consider when making a prognosis.
A predictive factor influences how a cancer will respond to a certain treatment. Prognostic and predictive factors both play a part in deciding on a treatment plan and a prognosis.
Oncologist use different prognostic and predictive factors for newly diagnosed and recurrent breast cancers.
At Prolife Cancer Centre, your care for Urologic cancer is personalized. Your cancer care team, will communicate closely and work together, and with you, to customize your care, including the most advanced therapies with the least impact on your body.
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And at Prolife Cancer Centre, you’re surrounded by the strength of the India’s largest and most experienced comprehensive cancer centre, which has all the services needed to treat the whole person – not just the disease.