Prolife Cancer Centre - Penile Cancer Treatment in Pune
What is Penile Cancer?
Penile cancer generally starts on the glans (head or tip) of the penis. Each patient’s disease is classified by the type of cells in which it develops. Penile cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the penis.
The penis is a rod shaped male reproductive organ that passes sperm and urine from the body. It contains two types of erectile tissue (spongy tissue with blood vessels that fill with blood to make an erection). Dr. Sumit Shah provides the best Penile Cancer Treatment in Pune at Prolife Cancer Centre which is the best cancer hospital in Pune.
Types of Penile Cancer:
The penis contains several types of cells. The main types of penile cancer are:
- Squamous cell carcinoma
- Kaposi sarcoma
- Basal cell
Some men who develop penile cancer have obvious symptoms in the early stages. Others may not have symptoms until the disease has spread. Penile cancer symptoms vary from man to man. They may include:
- Change in the skin of the penis
- Wart-like growth or lesion that may or may not be painful
- Open sore that won’t heal
- Reddish rash
- Small, crusty bumps
- Flat, bluish-brown growths
- Swelling at the end of the penis
- Persistent, smelly discharge under the foreskin
- Swollen lymph nodes in the groin if the cancer has spread
You may not be able to see these symptoms unless the foreskin is pulled back.
Unfortunately, many men do not want to talk about these symptoms with their doctors. This may delay them from seeking treatment until penile cancer is advanced and harder to treat.
Although these symptoms may not mean you have penile cancer, you should report any changes in the penis to your doctor as soon as possible. They may be signs of another health problem.
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Penile Cancer Risk Factors
- Age: Most cases are seen in men 50 to 70 years old. About a third are in men under 50.
- Tobacco use
- Human papillomavirus (HPV): This sexually transmitted disease has more than a dozen subtypes. HPV 16 and HPV 18 are linked most often to penile cancer.
- Lack of circumcision at birth
- Phimosis: A condition that makes it difficult to pull back the foreskin. This can lead to the buildup of body oils, bacteria and other debris known as smegma.
- UV light treatment of psoriasis
- AIDS (acquired immune deficiency syndrome)
How is Penile Cancer diagnosed?
At Prolife Cancer Centre our experts use the latest technology and techniques, as well as remarkable skill, to accurately diagnose penile cancer. The earlier penile cancer is diagnosed, the higher the chances for successful treatment. This is why it is important to report any changes in your penis to your doctor.
Since penile cancer begins in the skin of the penis, men often notice them in the early stages. However, some men are hesitant to mention the changes to their doctors, which delays their treatment.
If you have penile cancer symptoms, your doctor will ask you questions about your health, your lifestyle, including smoking and drinking habits, and your family medical history. The doctor will examine your penis.
If your doctor suspects you may have penile cancer, one or more of the following tests may be used to diagnose penile cancer and determine if it has spread. These tests also may be used to find out if treatment is working.
Biopsy: A biopsy usually is the first test performed to find out if you have penile cancer. The type of procedure depends on the type of tissue or lesion.
Incisional biopsy: A small part of abnormal tissue is removed. This procedure is used most often for lesions that are larger, ulcerated or that appear to have spread deep into the tissue.
Excisional biopsy: The whole growth or lesion is removed. Usually, this type of biopsy is performed for small abnormal areas. If the lesion is on the foreskin, you doctor may suggest circumcision.
Fine needle aspiration (FNA): This type of biopsy may be used to examine the tissue in lymph nodes. A thin needle is inserted into the groin area. Then cells are drawn out and looked at under a microscope.
Imaging tests, which may include:
- CT or CAT (computed axial tomography) scans
- MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) scans
- PET (positron emission tomography) scans
What are the stages of Penile Cancer?
If you are diagnosed with penile cancer, your doctor will determine the stage of the disease. Staging is a way of classifying cancer by how much disease is in the body and where it has spread when it is diagnosed. This helps the doctor plan the best way to treat the cancer.
Once the staging classification is determined, it stays the same even if treatment is successful or the cancer spreads.
Penile Cancer Stages
Stage 0: Penile cancer has not grown into tissue below the top layers of skin and has not spread to lymph nodes or distant sites.
Stage 1: Penile cancer has grown into tissue just below the superficial layer of skin but has not grown into blood or lymph vessels. It has not spread to lymph nodes or distant sites.
Stage II: Any of the following:
- Penile cancer has grown into tissue just below the superficial layer of skin and is either high-grade or has grown into blood or lymph vessels. It has not spread to lymph nodes or distant sites.
- The cancer has grown into one of the internal chambers of the penis (the corpus spongiosum or corpora cavernosum). The cancer has not spread to lymph nodes or distant sites.
- The cancer has grown into the urethra (tube that urine passes through). It has not spread to lymph nodes or distant sites.
Stage IIIa: Penile cancer has grown into tissue below the superficial layer of skin. It also may have grown into the corpus spongiosum (tissue within the penis) or the urethra (the small tube through which urine passes from the bladder to the outside of the body).
Stage IIIb: Penile cancer has grown into the tissues of the penis and may have grown into the corpus spongiosum, the corpus cavernosum or the urethra. It has spread to two or more groin lymph nodes.
Stage IV: Any of the following:
- The cancer has spread to lymph nodes in the pelvis or the cancer spread in the groin lymph nodes has grown through the lymph nodes’ outer covering and into the surrounding tissue. The cancer has not spread to distant sites.
- Penile cancer has grown into the prostate or other nearby structures. It may or may not have spread to groin lymph nodes. It has not spread to distant sites.
- The cancer has spread to distant sites.
What are the treatment options for Penile Cancer?
When you’re treated at Prolife Cancer Centre for penile cancer, some of the nation’s top specialists focus their expertise on you. They communicate with each other – and with you – to ensure you receive the most advanced penile cancer treatment with the least impact on your body.
As one of the nation’s leading cancer centers, Prolife cancer centre sees many more penile cancer patients than the average oncologist. This means we have a higher level of experience and expertise, which is crucial to your treatment and recovery.
Like all surgeries, penile cancer surgery often is more successful when performed by a specialist with a great deal of experience.
Penile Cancer Treatments
If you are diagnosed with penile cancer, your doctor will discuss the best options to treat it. This depends on several factors, including the type and stage of the cancer and your general health.
Surgery is the most frequent form of penile cancer treatment, but laser therapy and radiation may be used for smaller tumors. The type of treatment usually depends on how far the cancer has spread.
Your penile cancer treatment will be customized to your particular needs. One or more of the following therapies may be recommended to treat the cancer or help relieve symptoms.
Penile Cancer Surgery : Surgery to remove all or part of the penis is called penectomy. Penile preservation surgery (the penis is not removed) is used to treat penile cancer whenever possible.
Circumcision: Surgical removal of the penis foreskin and some of the nearby skin. This procedure may be done if the penile cancer has not spread beyond the foreskin.
Partial penectomy: The tumor is removed along with a margin of healthy tissue. In the past, a 2-centimeter margin was removed in all cases of penile cancer.
Total penectomy: Removal of the entire penis for treatment of large penile cancer tumors. The surgeon reroutes the urethra (tiny tubes that urine passes through) behind the testicles, and an urethrostomy (hole) is created so you can urinate.
Mohs surgery (microscopically-controlled surgery): The surgeon surgically removes a thin layer of skin and looks at it right away under a microscope. This process is repeated until the cells are free of cancer.
Laser surgery: Light from a laser vaporizes penile cancer cells.
New radiation therapy techniques and remarkable skill allow Prolife Cancer Centre doctors to target penile cancer more precisely, delivering the maximum amount of radiation with the least damage to healthy cells.
In penile cancer, radiation therapy may be used to treat early stage tumors, with surgery to remove lymph nodes, and in advanced cancers to control spread and help relieve symptoms.
Prolife cancer offers the most up-to-date and advanced chemotherapy options for penile cancer.
Topical chemotherapy: An anti-cancer medicine, usually 5-fluorouracil or 5-FU, is applied as a cream for several weeks. This generally is used only for precancerous or very early penile cancer.
Systemic chemotherapy: Medicine injected into a vein or given by mouth.
Prognosis & Follow-up
A prognosis is the Oncologist’s best estimate of how cancer will affect someone and how it will respond to treatment.
Prognosis and survival depend on many factors. Only a Oncologist familiar with your medical history, the type, stage and characteristics of your cancer, the treatments chosen and the response to treatment can put all of this information together with survival statistics to arrive at a prognosis.
A prognostic factor is an aspect of the cancer or a characteristic of the person that the oncologist will consider when making a prognosis.
A predictive factor influences how a cancer will respond to a certain treatment. Prognostic and predictive factors both play a part in deciding on a treatment plan and a prognosis.
Oncologist use different prognostic and predictive factors for newly diagnosed and recurrent breast cancers.
Why choose Prolife cancer centre for Penile cancer?
The experts at Prolife Cancer Center are among the nation’s most skilled and experienced at penile cancer treatment and diagnosis. This translates to an extraordinary level of expertise that can make a direct difference in your successful treatment and recovery.
Customized, Comprehensive Care
At Prolife Cancer Center, your Gallbladder cancer treatment is personalized to give the best results, while concentrating on your quality of life. We offer the best Gallbladder Cancer Treatment in Pune from a team of some of the most renowned experts in the nation. This group, which includes medical and surgical oncologists, as well as other physicians and a specially trained support staff, collaborates to ensure you receive the most advanced penile cancer treatments with the least impact on your body. As one of the premier cancer research institutions, we are able to offer a range of clinical trials of new agents to treat penile cancer.
And, at Prolife you’re surrounded by the strength of one of the nation’s largest and most experienced comprehensive cancer centers, which has all the support and wellness services needed to treat the whole person – not just the disease.