Breast Cancer

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Introduction to Breast Cancer

Breast cancer develops due to uncontrolled growth of cells in the breast. There are various types of breast cancer. It depends on area in which cells of breast turn into cancer.

In India, for every 2 women diagnosed newly with breast cancer, 1 woman dies. In India, it is the most common cancer in women and accounts for 14% of all cancers.

According to Globocan 2018 data:
⦁ New cases registered: 1,62,468
⦁ Deaths: 87,090
The incidence rates in India begin to rise in the early 30 and peak at ages 50-64 years.

On average, 1 in 28 women is likely to develop breast cancer.
In India, the percentage of developing breast cancer is more in urban areas, 1 in 22 women is likely to develop breast cancer during her lifetime as compared to rural areas where 1 in 60 women develops breast cancer in her lifetime.

Breast cancer was the most common cancer in women being the cities like Mumbai, Thiruvananthapuram and Dibrugarh. The relative proportion of breast cancer in females varied from 14.4% in Guwahati to 30.3% in Mumbai.

It can begin in different parts of the breast. A breast is divided into 3 main parts:
1. Lobules – The lobules are the glands that produce milk.
2. Ducts – The ducts are tubes that carry milk to the nipple.
3. Connective tissue – The connective tissue (which consists of fibrous and fatty tissue) Surrounds and holds everything together.

Breast cancer occurs when some cells of breast begin to grow abnormally. These cells divide rapidly than healthy cells, do and continue to accumulate, forming a lump or mass. Cells may spread (metastasize) through your breast to your lymph nodes or to other parts of your body. Commonly, it begins with cells in the milk-producing ducts (invasive ductal carcinoma). Breast cancer may also begin in the glandular tissue called lobules (invasive lobular carcinoma) or in other cells or tissue within the breast.

Breast cancer can spread outside the breast through blood and lymph vessels. When breast cancer spreads to other parts of the body, it is said to have metastasized.

Types Of Breast Cancer

The most common kinds of breast cancer are –

  • Invasive ductal carcinoma – The cancer cells grow outside the ducts into other parts of the breast tissue. Invasive cancer cells can also spread, or metastasize, to other parts of the body.
  • Invasive lobular carcinoma – Cancer cells spread from the lobules to the breast tissues that are close by. These invasive cancer cells can also spread to other parts of the body.

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    Symptoms of Breast Cancer:

    Symptoms of breast cancer vary from person to person and there is no exact definition of what a lump or mass feels like. The best thing is to perform self-examination regularly and if you notice any changes, consult a doctor. However, breast cancer can be detected by mammograms before any symptoms appear.

    Some warning signs of breast cancer are

    • A breast lump or thickening that feels different from the surrounding tissue.
    • Thickening or swelling of part of the breast.
    • Irritation or dimpling of breast skin.
    • Pulling in of the nipple or pain in the nipple and breast area.
    • Nipple discharge other than breast milk, including blood.
    • Change in the size, shape or appearance of a breast.
    • Changes to the skin over the breast, such as dimpling.
    • Peeling, scaling, crusting or flaking of the pigmented area of skin surrounding the nipple (areola) or breast skin.
    • Redness or pitting of the skin over your breast, like the skin of an orange.

    Keep in mind that these symptoms can happen with other conditions that are not cancer.
    If you have any signs or symptoms that worry you then meet Dr. Sumit Shah who is one of the best Breast Cancer Surgeon in Pune.

    Risk factors for Breast Cancer:

    • Age: As women age, their breast cancer risk increases. Most breast cancers are diagnosed after age 50.
    • Family history: A woman’s odds of developing breast cancer increase if a parent, sibling or child has had the disease.
    • Early menstruation: Women who began menstruating before age 12 have a higher risk of developing breast cancer.
    • Women who have no full-term pregnancies or their first pregnancy after age 30 at a higher risk of breast cancer.
    • Previous breast cancer diagnosis: A woman who has had breast cancer once has a higher risk of developing a second cancer.
    • Previous radiation therapy to the chest in childhood or early adulthood increases the risk of developing breast cancer.
    • Obesity, particularly after menopause, increases a woman’s breast cancer risk.
    •  Dense breast tissue based on its appearance in a mammogram is a known risk factor for breast cancer.
    • Hormone replacement therapy after menopause (if taken for more than 5 years)
    • Consumption of contraceptive pills containing high amount of estrogen.
    • Varying menstrual cycle shorter or longer than the average 26-29 days.
    • Lumps in breast cancer.
    • First child after 30 yrs
    • Menopause after 55 yrs
    • High calorie diet intake
    • Moderate alcohol intake

    Diagnosis of Breast Cancer:

    Breast cancer surgeon in Pune

    For most patients, a diagnosis of breast cancer starts with an imaging test. It may be regular screening test such a yearly mammogram or can be prompted by a suspicious lump, redness or thickening of the breast skin. Diagnose your cancer at Prolife Cancer Centre Pune, Where you get world-class diagnosis treatment at very affordable cost.


    Most breast imaging is carried out with a mammogram or ultrasound. Occasionally, doctors will use magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or other specialized examinations.


    If an unusual or suspicious mass or skin thickening is observed during imaging test, doctors tests sample tissue. In many cases, this biopsy is performed during the initial imaging exam in order to speed up the diagnosis. If in biopsy, cancerous tissue is detected, additional imaging and biopsies may be needed to determine the exact scope of the disease. It also tells whether the cancer has spread to nearby lymph nodes or other parts of the body.


    Our Surgeon perform additional analysis of the cancer cells themselves to determine the disease’s receptor subtype. By understanding the subtype, they can develop a comprehensive, personalized treatment plan.


    Breast exam: Doctor will examine breasts and lymph nodes in armpit, feeling for any lumps or other abnormalities.


      • Mammogram: A mammogram is an X-ray of the breast. Mammograms are commonly used for screening of breast cancer. If an abnormality is detected during mammogram, doctor may recommend a diagnostic mammogram to further evaluate that abnormality.


    • Breast ultrasound: Ultrasound may be used to determine whether a new breast lump is a solid mass or a fluid-filled cyst.

    Prognosis and follow up

    Breast Cancer Surgeon in Pune

    A prognosis is the doctor’s best estimate of how cancer will affect someone and how it will respond to treatment.


    Prognosis and survival depend on many factors. Only a doctor familiar with your medical history, the type, stage and characteristics of your cancer, the treatments are chosen and the response to treatment can put all of this information together with survival statistics to arrive at a prognosis.


    A prognostic factor is an aspect of cancer or a characteristic of the person that the doctor will consider when making a prognosis.


    A predictive factor influences how cancer will respond to a certain treatment. Prognostic and predictive factors both play a part in deciding on a treatment plan and a prognosis.


    Doctors use different prognostic and predictive factors for newly diagnosed and recurrent breast cancers.

    Treatment options for Breast Cancer at Prolife:

    Breast Cancer Treatment in Pune

    Breast cancer surgery in Pune:


    Like all surgeries, breast cancer surgery is most successful when performed by a specialist with a great deal of experience in the particular procedure. At the start of treatment, care teams asses if the patient needs reconstructive surgery. If so, our breast cancer surgeons and reconstructive surgeons work together to plan procedures that minimize incision and possible scarring. Their goal is to achieving the most effective surgery and the best possible cosmetic outcome and symmetry.


    Some patients will receive chemotherapy or targeted therapy prior to surgery. The goal of these treatments is shrink the tumor and any involved lymph nodes in order to make the procedure and recovery as easy as possible on the patient. This also allows the treating team to assess how the cancer has responded to treatment, which can be important for some breast cancer subtypes.


    In some cases, both breasts are removed. This can help prevent the development of a new breast cancer. It is typically done for patients are at high risk for developing breast cancer due to family history or their own genetic profile, such as a BRCA mutation.


    Radiation Therapy for breast cancer in Pune:

    Radiation therapy uses powerful beams of energy carefully designed to kill breast cancer cells.


    At most hospitals, the radiation oncologist developing these treatments is work on several different types of cancer. At Prolife Cancer Centre, radiation oncologists are dedicated exclusively to caring for patients with breast cancer. This gives them incredibly deep experience to draw from when designing treatment plans. In addition, each breast cancer radiation treatment plan is reviewed by every breast radiation oncology faculty member, ensuring that patients receive the best possible treatment.


    For breast cancer patients, radiation therapy can be used before surgery to shrink large tumours or after surgery in order to kill any remaining breast cancer cells that can’t be seen by the naked eye. It can also be used as a palliative treatment to reduce symptoms caused by cancer spreading to other parts of the body and improve the patient’s quality of life.

    Radiation therapy treatments for breast cancer patients include:

      • 3D conformal radiation therapy: This technique uses radiation beams that are shaped to the tumor’s dimension.


      • Intensity modulated radiation therapy: IMRT uses multiple beams of radiation with different intensities to deliver a precis, high dose of radiation to the tumor.


      • Volumetric arc therapy: A type of IMRT, in VMAT therapy, the section of the machine that shoots out the beam of radiation rotates around the patient in an arc. This can irradiate the tumor more precisely and shorten procedure times.


      • Accelerated Partial Breast Irradiation: A form of brachytherapy, APBI uses radioactive pellets or seeds to kill cancer cells that may remain after a lumpectomy.


      • Stereotactic body radiation surgery: SBRT administers very high doses of radiation, using several beams of various intensities aimed at different angles to precisely target the tumor.


      • Stereotactic radiosurgery: Stereotactic radiosurgery most commonly used to treat breast cancer that has spread to the brain. Stereotactic radiosurgery uses dozens of tiny radiation beams to target tumors with a precise, high dose of radiation. Read more about stereotactic radiosurgery


      • Proton therapy for breast cancer: Proton therapy delivers high radiation doses directly into the tumor, sparing nearby healthy tissue and vital organs. For many patients, this results in better cancer control with fewer side effects. Read more about proton therapy for breast cancer.


      • Targeted therapy for breast cancer: This treatment stops or slows the growth of cancer by interfering with the genes or molecule that produces cancer cells.Cancer cells rely on specific molecules (often in the form of proteins) to survive, multiply and spread. Targeted therapies stop or slow the growth of cancer by interfering with, or targeting, these molecules or the genes that produce them.


    • Breast cancer chemotherapy: Chemotherapy uses powerful drugs to directly kill cancer cells, control their growth or relieve pain. It is often given to patients prior to surgery to shrink the tumor and simplify the procedure. Breast cancer patients can receive chemotherapy either orally or intravenously.

    At Prolife Cancer Centre, your care for breast cancer is personalized. Your cancer care team will interact closely and work together, and with you, to customize your care, including the most advanced therapies with the least impact on your body. Dr. Sumit Shah is the famous Breast Cancer Surgeon in Pune . If you have any query related breast cancer then contact our experts or visit our Best Cancer Hospital in Pune.

    Why To Choose Prolife Cancer Centre For Breast Cancer Treatment?

    At Prolife Cancer Centre, we provide most comprehensive and advanced treatment for breast cancer. We stick to our mission and core values to cure and provide a better quality of life for our patients. We offer you best breast cancer surgery services in Pune in a sophisticated infrastructure.  We at Prolife, provide complete care to our patients from early detection and prevention, better diagnostics and treatment options. Dr. Sumit Shah, breast surgeon, provides the best treatment for breast cancer in Pune. He constantly take efforts to serve breast cancer patients. He has vast experience in handling critical breast cancer cases.


    At Prolife Cancer Centre our medical oncologist, radiation oncologistsurgical oncologist and reconstructive surgeon work together as a team to achieve the best possible outcome. They coordinate care and develop a comprehensive treatment plans that’s unique to each patient’s disease and their needs.

    Breast Cancer Videos

    ब्रेस्ट (Breast) कैंसर कैसे होता है | Breast Cancer in Hindi | By Dr. Sumit Shah

    ब्रैस्ट कैंसर और प्रेग्नेंसी | Relation Between Breast Cancer & Pregnancy | By Dr. Sumit Shah

    ब्रैस्ट कैंसर के बारे में गलतफहमियां | Myths & facts about breast cancer | By Dr. Sumit Shah

    कैसे बच सकते ब्रैस्ट कैंसर से | How to Avoid Breast Cancer | By Dr. Sumit Shah

    स्तनों (ब्रेस्ट ) में दर्द के कारण और इलाज़ | Breast Pain Kyun Hota Hai? | Dr Sumit Shah, Prolife

    क्या हर स्तन की गाँठ कैंसर होती है? | Breast lumps causes cancer | Dr Sumit Shah,Cancer Surgeon Pune

    Myths & Facts About Breast Cancer

    Myth #1: Breast cancer is contagious

    Breast cancer occurs due to uncontrolled cell growth of mutated cells that begin to spread into other tissues within the breast. It is not contagious. It does not spread or transfer due to contact with person with this disease.

    Myth #2: If you find a lump in your breast means you have breast cancer

    8 out of 10 lumps are not cancer. Only few lumps turn out to be cancer. But if you notice any change in your breast tissue, don’t ignore it! Immediately consult breast cancer specialist for clinical breast exam.

    Myth #3: Breast cancer affects only women, men do not get breast cancer

    Quite the contrary, it is observed that, each year approximately 2,190 men are diagnosed with breast cancer out of 410 will die. Therefore, men should also undergo for a breast self-exam and reporting doctor if any changes to their breast are observed.

    Myth #4: If you have a family history of breast cancer, you are likely to develop breast cancer, too

    Women with family history of breast cancer are at a higher risk group. Statistically, about 5% to 10% of patients diagnosed with breast cancer have a family history of this disease.

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    S S Patnaik
    S S Patnaik
    Before explaining my journey, summery of assessment on 5 Point Rating Scale (5 points- excellent, 0 points- Poor) as below: Overall rating: 5 Doctor availability/ Waiting time: 5 Doctor behavior/friendliness: 5 Staff behavior: 5 Communication/ Appointment: 3 Follow-up Care: 5 Billing: 5 Comfort and Cleanliness: 5 Parking: 3 Recommendation: 5 I never thought that someone from my family will suffer with cancer. The day when I came to know that my father has oral cancer, my whole family members were in shock. We were worried due to mainly 2 reasons 1. My father’s age (as he’s 72 years old) and 2. Complexity in treatment process. It started with minor dental pain and when we meet dentist he recommended for an Oncologist. I vigorously searched for best oncologist in Pune. During my search process I found Dr. Sumit Shah’s name and I thought to give him a try. Dr. Shah is incredible. He devotes much time to the patients and their queries. The day I met him, my search came to end. The way he explained about the disease, operation procedure (neck dissection) and recovery process was EXTRAORDINARY. He calmly and patiently explained all doubts and assured us nothing to worry. This gave us peace of mind and we decided to go with treatment process as per Dr. Shah. My father went under successful operation in last month and he’s quickly recovering from it. During the hospitalization period, unlike many doctors, Dr. Shah was available on WhatsApp and responded immediately to the queries/needfulness, which was a big sigh of relief. Now my father is doing well and follow-up is continuing. Appreciate Dr. Shah taking time to go over the diagnosis clearly and treatment options. The staff and the medical assistant were very nice and helpful. The appointment follow-up is wonderful (although they missed once in my case). HIGHLY RECOMMENDED. Thank You Dr. Sumit Shah and team!
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    Nagesh awchar
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    Vishnu panbude
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    Irfan Shaikh
    My name is Islam shaikh. Now I am 54 years old. Almost 5 years back I had wound in my right side of mouth . For the same we meet Dr Sumit Shah through our family physician . I remember the day and Dr shah told me the nature of surgery and risk invoke in it. My wife and entire family was very afraid but we decided to follow Dr Shah sirs advice. I underwent surgery but had problem on around 3 rd day of surgery . My son called dr shah, he reached immediately in hospital and deed needful. Still I remember that day and his words GIVE TIME . Now it’s been 5 years I am perfectly all right eating, speaking well .I am on regular follow up with sir.Thanks!
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    balu sathya
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    Abhijeet Dhole patil
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    Salimnawaz Shaikh
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    Subhash Gaikwad
    I,one of small scale industrialist, Shubhash Gaikwad, a regular exerciser and healthy food consumer, would never thought to come at this way. But life is about uncertainty and unknown challenges. So before 1 year near my tonsils, I got a lump. So my nephew who is also doctor recommended me to go for advanced opinion and gave reference of Dr. Sumit Shah .First I took chemotherapy and then went to surgery under Dr sumit Shah. As there are some myths about the disease and I have some doubt about it. And Dr. Shah gave all the answers to my questions. My treatment is been completed now. And Ca Rt Retromolar trigone is cured. The journey taught so many lessons for new start. The most important thing is that life is beautiful and u need to take some effors to make it better through disciplines of health and well management of ours mental health.
    Anand Pawar
    Anand Pawar
    Hi This is Ananad pawar . I never thought that my minor dental pain will drive here . As future is unpredictable. My story was too unpredictable. Bt my one of habbit of regular consuming alchohol and tobacco cause to create volcano in my life. 8 months back i went for dental check up. He suggested me for expert advise. One of my relative suggested me the name of Dr. Sumit Shah. When we met Dr. Shah, he clears all doubts and worries about Cancer. This conversation set my mind in peace and relaxed. I became ready to operate my Oral Cancer under Dr.shah's treatment. His friendly and explanative nature about disease made us believe that cancer can be cure and we can restart our life. This journey taught me lesson that stop consuming alcohol and avoid Tobacco.

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