Prolife Cancer Centre – Breast Cancer Surgery in Pune
Introduction to Breast Cancer
Breast cancer develops due to uncontrolled growth of cells in the breast. There are various types of breast cancer. It depends on area in which cells of breast turn into cancer.
In India, for every 2 women diagnosed newly with breast cancer, 1 woman dies. In India, it is the most common cancer in women and accounts for 14% of all cancers.
According to Globocan 2018 data:
⦁ New cases registered: 1,62,468
⦁ Deaths: 87,090
The incidence rates in India begin to rise in the early 30 and peak at ages 50-64 years.
On average, 1 in 28 women is likely to develop breast cancer.
In India, the percentage of developing breast cancer is more in urban areas, 1 in 22 women is likely to develop breast cancer during her lifetime as compared to rural areas where 1 in 60 women develops breast cancer in her lifetime.
Breast cancer was the most common cancer in women being the cities like Mumbai, Thiruvananthapuram and Dibrugarh. The relative proportion of breast cancer in females varied from 14.4% in Guwahati to 30.3% in Mumbai.
It can begin in different parts of the breast. A breast is divided into 3 main parts:
1. Lobules – The lobules are the glands that produce milk.
2. Ducts – The ducts are tubes that carry milk to the nipple.
3. Connective tissue – The connective tissue (which consists of fibrous and fatty tissue) Surrounds and holds everything together.
Breast cancer occurs when some cells of breast begin to grow abnormally. These cells divide rapidly than healthy cells, do and continue to accumulate, forming a lump or mass. Cells may spread (metastasize) through your breast to your lymph nodes or to other parts of your body. Commonly, it begins with cells in the milk-producing ducts (invasive ductal carcinoma). Breast cancer may also begin in the glandular tissue called lobules (invasive lobular carcinoma) or in other cells or tissue within the breast.
Breast cancer can spread outside the breast through blood and lymph vessels. When breast cancer spreads to other parts of the body, it is said to have metastasized.
Types Of Breast Cancer
The most common kinds of breast cancer are –
- Invasive ductal carcinoma – The cancer cells grow outside the ducts into other parts of the breast tissue. Invasive cancer cells can also spread, or metastasize, to other parts of the body.
- Invasive lobular carcinoma – Cancer cells spread from the lobules to the breast tissues that are close by. These invasive cancer cells can also spread to other parts of the body.
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Symptoms of Breast Cancer:
Symptoms of breast cancer vary from person to person and there is no exact definition of what a lump or mass feels like. The best thing is to perform self-examination regularly and if you notice any changes, consult a doctor. However, breast cancer can be detected by mammograms before any symptoms appear.
Some warning signs of breast cancer are
- A breast lump or thickening that feels different from the surrounding tissue.
- Thickening or swelling of part of the breast.
- Irritation or dimpling of breast skin.
- Pulling in of the nipple or pain in the nipple and breast area.
- Nipple discharge other than breast milk, including blood.
- Change in the size, shape or appearance of a breast.
- Changes to the skin over the breast, such as dimpling.
- Peeling, scaling, crusting or flaking of the pigmented area of skin surrounding the nipple (areola) or breast skin.
- Redness or pitting of the skin over your breast, like the skin of an orange.
Keep in mind that these symptoms can happen with other conditions that are not cancer.
If you have any signs or symptoms that worry you then meet Dr. Sumit Shah who is one of the best Breast Cancer Surgeon in Pune.
Risk factors for Breast Cancer:
- Age: As women age, their breast cancer risk increases. Most breast cancers are diagnosed after age 50.
- Family history: A woman’s odds of developing breast cancer increase if a parent, sibling or child has had the disease.
- Early menstruation: Women who began menstruating before age 12 have a higher risk of developing breast cancer.
- Women who have no full-term pregnancies or their first pregnancy after age 30 at a higher risk of breast cancer.
- Previous breast cancer diagnosis: A woman who has had breast cancer once has a higher risk of developing a second cancer.
- Previous radiation therapy to the chest in childhood or early adulthood increases the risk of developing breast cancer.
- Obesity, particularly after menopause, increases a woman’s breast cancer risk.
- Dense breast tissue based on its appearance in a mammogram is a known risk factor for breast cancer.
- Hormone replacement therapy after menopause (if taken for more than 5 years)
- Consumption of contraceptive pills containing high amount of estrogen.
- Varying menstrual cycle shorter or longer than the average 26-29 days.
- Lumps in breast cancer.
- First child after 30 yrs
- Menopause after 55 yrs
- High calorie diet intake
- Moderate alcohol intake
Diagnosis of Breast Cancer:
For most patients, a diagnosis of breast cancer starts with an imaging test. It may be regular screening test such a yearly mammogram or can be prompted by a suspicious lump, redness or thickening of the breast skin. Diagnose your cancer at Prolife Cancer Centre Pune, Where you get world-class diagnosis treatment at very affordable cost.
Most breast imaging is carried out with a mammogram or ultrasound. Occasionally, doctors will use magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or other specialized examinations.
If an unusual or suspicious mass or skin thickening is observed during imaging test, doctors tests sample tissue. In many cases, this biopsy is performed during the initial imaging exam in order to speed up the diagnosis. If in biopsy, cancerous tissue is detected, additional imaging and biopsies may be needed to determine the exact scope of the disease. It also tells whether the cancer has spread to nearby lymph nodes or other parts of the body.
Our Surgeon perform additional analysis of the cancer cells themselves to determine the disease’s receptor subtype. By understanding the subtype, they can develop a comprehensive, personalized treatment plan.
Breast exam: Doctor will examine breasts and lymph nodes in armpit, feeling for any lumps or other abnormalities.
- Mammogram: A mammogram is an X-ray of the breast. Mammograms are commonly used for screening of breast cancer. If an abnormality is detected during mammogram, doctor may recommend a diagnostic mammogram to further evaluate that abnormality.
- Breast ultrasound: Ultrasound may be used to determine whether a new breast lump is a solid mass or a fluid-filled cyst.
Prognosis and follow up
A prognosis is the doctor’s best estimate of how cancer will affect someone and how it will respond to treatment.
Prognosis and survival depend on many factors. Only a doctor familiar with your medical history, the type, stage and characteristics of your cancer, the treatments are chosen and the response to treatment can put all of this information together with survival statistics to arrive at a prognosis.
A prognostic factor is an aspect of cancer or a characteristic of the person that the doctor will consider when making a prognosis.
A predictive factor influences how cancer will respond to a certain treatment. Prognostic and predictive factors both play a part in deciding on a treatment plan and a prognosis.
Doctors use different prognostic and predictive factors for newly diagnosed and recurrent breast cancers.
Treatment options for Breast Cancer at Prolife:
Breast cancer surgery:
Like all surgeries, breast cancer surgery is most successful when performed by a specialist with a great deal of experience in the particular procedure. At the start of treatment, care teams asses if the patient needs reconstructive surgery. If so, our breast cancer surgeons and reconstructive surgeons work together to plan procedures that minimize incision and possible scarring. Their goal is to achieving the most effective surgery and the best possible cosmetic outcome and symmetry.
Some patients will receive chemotherapy or targeted therapy prior to surgery. The goal of these treatments is shrink the tumor and any involved lymph nodes in order to make the procedure and recovery as easy as possible on the patient. This also allows the treating team to assess how the cancer has responded to treatment, which can be important for some breast cancer subtypes.
In some cases, both breasts are removed. This can help prevent the development of a new breast cancer. It is typically done for patients are at high risk for developing breast cancer due to family history or their own genetic profile, such as a BRCA mutation.
Radiation Therapy for breast cancer:
Radiation therapy uses powerful beams of energy carefully designed to kill breast cancer cells.
At most hospitals, the radiation oncologist developing these treatments is work on several different types of cancer. At Prolife Cancer Centre, radiation oncologists are dedicated exclusively to caring for patients with breast cancer. This gives them incredibly deep experience to draw from when designing treatment plans. In addition, each breast cancer radiation treatment plan is reviewed by every breast radiation oncology faculty member, ensuring that patients receive the best possible treatment.
For breast cancer patients, radiation therapy can be used before surgery to shrink large tumours or after surgery in order to kill any remaining breast cancer cells that can’t be seen by the naked eye. It can also be used as a palliative treatment to reduce symptoms caused by cancer spreading to other parts of the body and improve the patient’s quality of life.
Radiation therapy treatments for breast cancer patients include:
- 3D conformal radiation therapy: This technique uses radiation beams that are shaped to the tumor’s dimension.
- Intensity modulated radiation therapy: IMRT uses multiple beams of radiation with different intensities to deliver a precis, high dose of radiation to the tumor.
- Volumetric arc therapy: A type of IMRT, in VMAT therapy, the section of the machine that shoots out the beam of radiation rotates around the patient in an arc. This can irradiate the tumor more precisely and shorten procedure times.
- Accelerated Partial Breast Irradiation: A form of brachytherapy, APBI uses radioactive pellets or seeds to kill cancer cells that may remain after a lumpectomy.
- Stereotactic body radiation surgery: SBRT administers very high doses of radiation, using several beams of various intensities aimed at different angles to precisely target the tumor.
- Stereotactic radiosurgery: Stereotactic radiosurgery most commonly used to treat breast cancer that has spread to the brain. Stereotactic radiosurgery uses dozens of tiny radiation beams to target tumors with a precise, high dose of radiation. Read more about stereotactic radiosurgery
- Proton therapy for breast cancer: Proton therapy delivers high radiation doses directly into the tumor, sparing nearby healthy tissue and vital organs. For many patients, this results in better cancer control with fewer side effects. Read more about proton therapy for breast cancer.
- Targeted therapy for breast cancer: This treatment stops or slows the growth of cancer by interfering with the genes or molecule that produces cancer cells.Cancer cells rely on specific molecules (often in the form of proteins) to survive, multiply and spread. Targeted therapies stop or slow the growth of cancer by interfering with, or targeting, these molecules or the genes that produce them.
- Breast cancer chemotherapy: Chemotherapy uses powerful drugs to directly kill cancer cells, control their growth or relieve pain. It is often given to patients prior to surgery to shrink the tumor and simplify the procedure. Breast cancer patients can receive chemotherapy either orally or intravenously.
At Prolife Cancer Centre, your care for breast cancer is personalized. Your cancer care team will interact closely and work together, and with you, to customize your care, including the most advanced therapies with the least impact on your body. Dr. Sumit Shah is the famous Breast Cancer Surgeon in Pune . If you have any query related breast cancer then contact our experts or visit our Best Cancer Hospital in Pune.
Why To Choose Prolife Cancer Centre For Breast Cancer Treatment?
At Prolife Cancer Centre, we provide most comprehensive and advanced treatment for breast cancer. We stick to our mission and core values to cure and provide a better quality of life for our patients. We offer you best breast cancer surgery services in Pune in a sophisticated infrastructure. We at Prolife, provide complete care to our patients from early detection and prevention, better diagnostics and treatment options. Dr. Sumit Shah, breast surgeon, provides the best treatment for breast cancer in Pune. He constantly take efforts to serve breast cancer patients. He has vast experience in handling critical breast cancer cases.
At Prolife Cancer Centre our medical oncologist, radiation oncologist, surgical oncologist and reconstructive surgeon work together as a team to achieve the best possible outcome. They coordinate care and develop a comprehensive treatment plans that’s unique to each patient’s disease and their needs.
Breast Cancer Videos
ब्रेस्ट (Breast) कैंसर कैसे होता है | Breast Cancer in Hindi | By Dr. Sumit Shah
ब्रैस्ट कैंसर और प्रेग्नेंसी | Relation Between Breast Cancer & Pregnancy | By Dr. Sumit Shah
ब्रैस्ट कैंसर के बारे में गलतफहमियां | Myths & facts about breast cancer | By Dr. Sumit Shah
कैसे बच सकते ब्रैस्ट कैंसर से | How to Avoid Breast Cancer | By Dr. Sumit Shah
Myths & Facts About Breast Cancer
Myth #1: Breast cancer is contagious
Myth #2: If you find a lump in your breast means you have breast cancer
Myth #3: Breast cancer affects only women, men do not get breast cancer
Myth #4: If you have a family history of breast cancer, you are likely to develop breast cancer, too
What Patient’s Says:
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