Dr. Sumit Shah - Uterine Cancer Surgeon in Pune
What is Uterine Cancer?
Uterine cancer is a type of cancer that starts in the uterus. The uterus is the round, pear-shaped pelvic organ where fetal growth occurs.
Uterine cancer starts in the layer of cells that form the lining of the uterus.
Uterine cancer is usually identified at an early stage because it often creates unusual vaginal bleeding. If uterine cancer is caught early, removing the uterus surgically, usually cures uterine cancer. Renowned oncologist in Pune Dr. Sumit Shah provides Uterine Cancer Treatment in Pune at Prolife Cancer Centre which is the best cancer hospital in Pune.
Types of Uterine Cancer
- Endometrial adenocarcinoma. The most common type of uterine cancer begins in the glands of the endometrium.
- Adenosquamous carcinoma. Comprising about 10 % of uterine cancers, adenosquamous carcinoma contains two types of cells: squamous cells and gland-like cells.
- Papillary serous carcinoma. Aggressive cancer tends to return even when detected early. It represents 5% of uterine cancers.
- Uterine sarcoma. A different type of cancer that occurs in the uterine tissue wall. It accounts for 5% of uterine cancer cases and grows more immediately than endometrial cancer.
Uterine Cancer Risk Factors
- Age. Uterine cancer most usually happens in women above 50.
- Obesity. Fatty tissue in women who are overweight creates additional estrogen, a sex hormone that can raise the risk of uterine cancer.
- Race. White women are more likely to increase uterine cancer than women of other races/ethnicities.
- Genetics. Uterine cancer may run in families where colon cancer is genetic. Women in families with Lynch sign also called hereditary non-polyposis colorectal cancer, have a larger risk of uterine cancer.
- Diabetes. Women may have an enhanced chance of uterine cancer if they have diabetes, which is often linked with obesity.
- Diet/nutrition. Women who have foods large in animal fat may have an enhanced risk of uterine cancer.
What are the Symptoms of Uterine Cancer?
Many people with Uterine cancer can have blood in their urine, but no discomfort while urinating. Some symptoms might indicate Uterine cancer like weakness, weight loss, and bone tenderness, and these can indicate more difficult diseases.
- Blood in the urine
- Painful urination
- Frequent urination
- Urgent urination
- Urinary desire
- Pain in the pelvic area
- Pain in lower abdomen
- Pain in the lower back
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- Biopsy: a biopsy in which your surgeon inserts a small instrument into your urethra and takes a little sample of tissue from your Uterine to test for cancer.
- Blood Tests: This test measures the various kinds of cells in your blood. It can show if you have anemia. Some people with Uterine cancer become weak because the tumor has been bleeding.
- Imaging: Imaging tests use x-rays, magnetic fields, sound waves, or radioactive substances produce pictures of the inside of your body. Imaging tests allow your surgeon to check the structures of your urinary tract. Imaging experiments might be taken for many purposes, such as:
- Stage I: Cancer that is restricted to the uterus
- Stage II: Cancer that has grown to the cervix
- Stage III: Cancer that has expanded to the vagina, ovaries, and/or lymph nodes
- Stage IV: Cancer that has developed to the urinary Uterine, rectum, or organs located far from the uterus, such as the lungs or bones
Surgeons can treat Uterine Cancer with surgery, radiation, chemotherapy, and drugs. The treatment you get will depend on:
- Which type of tumor you have and how many there are
- Whether it’s harmful
- If it has expanded to different sections of your body
Treatment for Uterine cancer normally includes an operation to exclude the uterus, as well as to remove the Fallopian tubes and ovaries. A hysterectomy makes it difficult for you to become pregnant in the future. Also, once your ovaries are removed, you’ll experience menopause, if you haven’t already.
During surgery, your doctor will also examine the areas around your uterus to look for clues that cancer has developed. Your doctor may also remove lymph nodes for testing. This helps determine your cancer’s stage.
This method involves using high-energy radiation to kill cancer cells. It’s a lot like getting an X-ray only much more effective. It doesn’t harm. You might require to get radiation 5 days a week for several weeks.
Radiation therapy can involve:
- Radiation from a machine outside your body. During outer beam radiation, you lie on a table while a device delivers radiation to particular locations on your body.
- Radiation placed inside your body. Internal radiation involves putting radiation-filled equipment, such as tiny seeds, wires, or a cylinder, inside your vagina for the short-term.
Your doctor will give you chemo through an IV. That means the medicine travels through your bloodstream to other portions of your body. It can destroy cancer cells that may have grown beyond your Uterine.
It uses drugs that hit certain genes on tumor cells to destroy cancer. This treatment limits damage to the healthy cells in your body, which can occur with radiation or chemotherapy.
Your surgeon will decide which drug is best for you by examining cells from your tumor first.
With Laparoscopic surgery, Prolife offers unique options. Our globally renowned team of physicians shows your treatment for the most benefit while reducing the impact on your body.
At Prolife Cancer Center, your uterine cancer treatment is personalized to give the best results, while concentrating on your quality of life. We offer the best Uterine Cancer Treatment in Pune.
Dr. Sumit Shah is expertise in treating Uterine Cancer that has spread to other sections of the body. We offer Laparoscopic surgery program & as well as chemotherapy and targeted therapy options.
Healing from Surgery
Most people who have Uterine cancer surgery heal without any problems. A fewer number of patients may have a slower recovery and need to wait for a little more.
A surgeon will give you guidance on how to take care of yourself, including your surgery, bathing, driving, and sexual activity. There will be information about yourself:
- Pain medicine
After Treatment, you will be given a Daily Goals Checklist. Use that checklist to understand how you are doing every day.
While you are in the hospital, you will have regular aims to help you recover. These aims include:
- Getting out of bed and being active
- Eating and drinking
- Controlling your pain
After you’ve completed your treatments for Uterine cancer, follow-up care is very essential. Routine checkups can help find any changes in your health, and if cancer comes back (or “recurs”), it can be treated as soon as possible.
If your treatment has finished, follow-up appointments maybe every 3−6 months for the first couple of years and 6−12 months for the following 3 years.
Your doctor may check your CEA level before you begin treatment and again after treatment to understand if it has come down.
Doctors recommend CT scans of the chest & abdomen a daily schedule for 3 years in people who are at high risk for recurrence.