Prolife Cancer Centre- Intestinal cancer Treatment in Pune
Intestinal cancer is a cancer that develops in small intestine due to uncontrolled growth of cells. Small intestine connects the stomach to the large intestine. It is divided into 3 parts: the duodenum, jejunum and ileum. Most of the small intestine cancer develop in the duodenum. If cancer develops in large intestine it is known as colorectal cancer.
Types Of Intestinal Cancer
The main types of small intestine cancer include:
- Adenocarcinomas: It is the most common type of small intestine cancer which develops in the cells that line the walls of the small intestine. It may develop due to small benign (noncancerous) growths called polyps.
- Sarcoma: It is a type of intestinal cancer that develops in the connective tissue of the small intestine.
- Gastrointestinal stromal tumours are variants of soft tissue sarcoma.
- Carcinoid is the type of intestinal cancer in which tumours form in the lining of the intestines. They are are slow-growing.
- Lymphomas are an immune system disease that may originate in the intestines.
What our patient says
What are the symptoms of Intestinal cancer?
Tumours in the small intestine can block the flow of food and hence affects digestion. Larger tumours causes pain in abdomen. Also, tumours that bleeds slowly may lead to anaemia. If the flow of flood is blocked completely, it causes severe abdominal pain, nausea and vomiting and requires surgery to remove blockage
- Common symptoms of cancer that develops in the small intestines include:
- Abdominal pain
- Unexplained weight loss
- Weakness or fatigue (sometimes a result of anaemia)
- Bloody or tarry stools (from bleeding tumours)
- A noticeable lump in the abdomen
Intestinal cancer types
There are 3 categories in which intestinal cancer is divided
T (tumor): This describes the size of the original tumor.
N (node): This indicates whether the cancer is present in the lymph nodes.
M (metastasis): This refers to whether cancer has spread to other parts of the body.
After diagnosis, each category (T, N and M) is assessed and rated. Following are stages of intestinal cancer:
Stage 0: The cancer has not grown beyond the mucosa.
Stage I (stage 1 intestinal cancer): This is the stage, in which the disease has grown beyond the mucosa, but has not spread beyond the small intestine to other sites or lymph nodes.
Stage II (stage 2 intestinal cancer): When cancer spreads beyond the intestinal wall and it may or may not have reached nearby organs.
Stage III (stage 3 intestinal cancer): This is the stage when cancer has metastasized into nearby lymph nodes. The tumour may be any size (T1 through T4). The cancer may or may not have reached nearby organs. Distant sites like the lung or liver remain unaffected.
Stage IV (stage 4 intestinal cancer): This is the stage when cancer has spread throughout the body to distant sites like the liver, lung or lining of the abdominal cavity.
Diagnosing intestinal cancer
Accurate diagnosis of cancer is the first step towards developing treatment plan. At Prolife cancer centre, we conduct various diagnostic tests to evaluate intestinal cancer. And treatment plan is decided accordingly. After initial diagnosis, our Cancer specialist doctor review pathology tests to know stage and develop a personalized plan. Diagnosis contains imaging and laboratory tests.
Diagnosis of Gastrointestinal Cancer – How gastrointestinal cancer is diagnosed depends on what type of cancer is suspected. Lab tests, imaging tests, biopsies, and endoscopy are all methods of diagnosing many types of cancer.
Once cancer is confirmed, the stage of the cancer is then determined and a treatment plan is developed.
Endoscopic tests allow us to look inside the body using an instrument called an endoscope, which is a flexible tube with a light and tiny camera attached to it. Endoscopic tests to diagnose GI cancers might include these nonsurgical procedures:
Colonoscopy and sigmoidoscopy: Used to screen for colorectal cancer
Upper GI endoscopy: Examines the lining of the upper part of the gastrointestinal tract, including the esophagus, stomach, and duodenum
During a biopsy, we remove a sample of the abnormal tissue so it can be examined for cancer by a pathologist. We often use endoscopic procedures to obtain a biopsy. Based on these biopsies, we can often make decisions about the behavior of a tumor and form the right treatment plan.
Diagnostic imaging for GI cancers might include:
Computed tomography (CT) scan: Using an X-ray that takes many pictures.
Ultrasound: Using sound waves and their echoes to produce a picture.
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI): Using radio waves and magnets to produce an image.
Positron emission tomography (PET) scan: Using radioactive sugar that is injected into the blood and observed with a special camera.
Intestinal cancer treatments
Treatment of Gastrointestinal Cancer –
Treatment for intestinal cancer depends on the type of cancer, stage, and other general health factors. Common methods of treating gastrointestinal cancer include surgery (most commonly used) chemotherapy and radiation therapy.
Medical treatment for GI cancer varies, depending on the cancer. Some therapies are designed to kill cancer cells; others aim to stop the cancer cells from growing, attack their abnormalities, or decrease the chance of them returning.
We work with a multidisciplinary team of other subspecialists, including surgical oncologists and radiation oncologists, to determine the best treatment plan for each patient.
Surgery is the most common treatment for intestinal cancer. At Prolife Cancer Centre our expert intestinal cancer surgeon, perform surgery to remove tumours and the cancerous portion of the small intestine.
Chemotherapy and Targeted Therapy
Chemotherapy is useful to treat cancer that has spread, or metastasized, to other areas of the body or to help kill cancer cells that may remain in the abdomen after surgery.
Radiation Therapy for Gastrointestinal Cancer
Radiotherapy is used in the treatment of many GI cancers. For anal cancer, in particular, it is often the main form of therapy, in combination with chemotherapy. It is used to target target difficult-to-reach tumours in the small intestine. Our cancer specialists direct higher radiation doses at intestinal cancer cells, with minimum exposure to normal, healthy tissue.
At Prolife Cancer Centre, your Intestinal Cancer Treatment is personalized to give the best results, while concentrating on your quality of life. We offer the best Intestinal Cancer Treatment in Pune.
Why choose Prolife Cancer Centre?
Prolife Cancer centre is leading cancer hospital in Pune for intestinal cancer treatment. Your cancer care team, will communicate closely and work together, and with you, to customize your care, including the most advanced therapies with the least impact on your body. And at Prolife Cancer Centre, you’re surrounded by the strength of India’s largest and most experienced comprehensive cancer centre, which has all the services needed to treat the whole person – not just the disease.