Prolife Cancer Centre - Ovarian Cancer Clinic in Pune
Ovarian Cancer : Introduction
Cancer begins in the ovaries is known as Ovarian Cancer. There are two ovaries in the female reproductive system, one on each side of the uterus. Risk of getting ovarian cancer for women during her lifetime is about 1 in 78. Her lifetime risk of dying from ovarian cancer is about 1 in 108.
Ovarian cancer often has warning signs, but the earliest symptoms are uncertain and easy to release. Only 20 % of ovarian cancers are detected at an early stage & rest often goes undetected until it has spread within the pelvis and abdomen. So, at this late stage, ovarian cancer is more difficult to treat.
The early-stage ovarian cancer is more likely to be treated successfully because the disease is confined to the ovary. Ovarian cancer ranks 5th in cancer deaths among women, which causes more and more deaths than any other women cancer types.
Types of Ovarian Cancer
- Ovarian epithelial cancer: Cancer which starts from the surface of the ovary (the epithelium) is known as Ovarian epithelial cancer. It is the most common ovarian cancer. It is commonly spread to the lining and organs of the pelvis and abdomen first before spreading elsewhere, such as to the lungs and liver. This may also spread to the brain, bones and skin.
- Primary peritoneal carcinoma Cancer (develops in the lining of the pelvis and abdomen)
- Fallopian tube cancer (starts in the fallopian tubes)
- Ovarian Germ cell cancer: It is the cancer which arises from the reproductive cells of the ovaries. It is very rare. Most of these tumors are harmless. It is divided into following types:
- Teratomas: It is either harmless (mature) or cancerous (immature). Cancerous teratomas are rare. The cells commonly contain different types of tissue, such as hair, muscle and bone.
- Dysgerminoma ovarian germ cell cancer: It is rare but the most common germ cell ovarian cancer. It doesn’t grow or spread quickly.
- Endodermal sinus tumor : it is also known as yolk sac tumor It may start in either the placenta during pregnancy (common) or in the ovaries.
- Ovarian Stromal cell cancer: Cancer which arises from connective tissue cells is known as Ovarian Stromal cell cancer. It is very rare. It is also known sex cord tumors, sex cord-gonadal stromal tumors and ovarian stromal tumors. It makes upto 1 percent of ovarian cancers. They often cause abnormal vaginal bleeding. Ovarian Stromal cell cancer has the following types:
- Subtypes of sex cord-stromal tumors include granulosa cell tumors
- Granulosa-theca tumors
- Sertoli-Leydig tumors
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- Age (Getting older)
- Family history (Having a family history of ovarian cancer, breast cancer, or colorectal cancer)
- Being overweight or obese
- Never having a full-term pregnancy or Having children later
- Using fertility treatment
- Hormone therapy is taken after menopause
- Family cancer syndrome
- Using talcum powder (if it travel through the vagina, uterus, and fallopian tubes to the ovary)
Signs of ovarian cancer may include:
- Abdominal bloating, pressure, and pain
- Abnormal changes in appetite, such as a loss of appetite or feeling full sooner
- An increase in urination or an urge to urinate (always feels like you have to go to pee or you have to go often)
- Feels the pressure in the lower back
- Weight Loss
- Constipation (Upset Stomach)
- Changes in menstruation cycle
- Pain during sex
These signs usually do not mean you have ovarian cancer. But if you see one or more of them for more than two weeks, consult your doctor.
If you see any symptoms then meet Dr. Sumit Shah, provides the best ovarian cancer treatment in Pune at Prolife Cancer Centre in Pune ehich is the best Ovarian Cancer Clinic in Pune.
The signs of ovarian cancer normally appear only with advanced disease. If your doctor finds something different in screening or you have any of the signs of ovarian cancer, further tests will be required to diagnose the condition.
- Pelvic exam: Meanwhile a pelvic exam, doctor inserts gloved fingers into the vagina and simultaneously presses a hand on your abdomen to feel pelvic organs. The doctor also visually examines external genitalia, cervix and vagina.
- Imaging tests: Ultrasound or CT scans of abdomen and pelvis may help determine the size, shape and structure of ovaries.
- Blood tests: Blood tests might include organ function tests which help determine the overall health. The doctor might also test blood for tumor markers which indicates ovarian cancer. These tests may give clues about diagnosis and prognosis.
- Surgery: Sometimes doctor can’t be certain of diagnosis until the patient undergoes surgery to remove an ovary and have it tested for signs of cancer.
Stage I The cancer is confined to the ovary (or fallopian tube).
IA The cancer S confined to one ovary only.
IB The cancer is found on both ovaries
IC1 Accidental rupture of a capsule by the surgeon during surgery.
IC2 Rupture of the capsule occurred before the surgery
IC3 Cancer cells are found in the fluid of the pelvis/abdomen.
Stage II Growth or the cancer involves one or both ovaries with pelvic extension.
IIA Extension of cancer to fallopian tubes or uterus.
IIB Extension of cancer to other pelvic organs
Stage III Growth or the cancer involves one or both ovaries, and the cancer has spread beyond the pelvis.
IIIA Microscopic cancer cells found in upper abdomen or lymph nodes.
IIIB Visible tumor found in upper abdomen, less than 2cm in size
IIIC Visible tumor found in upper abdomen, greater than 2cm in size, including disease on surface of liver or spleen
Stage IV The cancer growth is widely spread throughout the body.
IVA Cancer is found in the fluid around lungs.
IVB Cancer is found inside the lungs, liver or spleen
Your ovarian cancer treatment at Prolife may include one or more of the following therapies:
- Primary Debulking Surgery
Surgery is the most usual treatment for ovarian cancer, especially if it has not developed. As for many cancers, surgery for ovarian cancer is most successful when done by a surgeon with a great deal of knowledge in the procedure.
Prolife offers the most up-to-date and effective chemotherapy choices for ovarian cancer. Drugs are given by mouth or intravenously
Healing from Surgery
Healing after ovarian cancer operation will take time. You will need to relax for the first few weeks.
It takes time to heal physically and emotionally from a cancer operation, mainly if you’ve had your womb and ovaries removed.
Take it very easy for the first 15-20 days. You should spend your time relaxing with your feet up. Avoid standing for a long time.
6 weeks after your surgery, you can slowly build up the venture that you would regularly do until you are more or less back to normal. You will get tired easily. If you might also have other chemotherapy, It may slow your recovery down.
Your Daily Goals Checklist
While you are in the hospital, you will have regular aims to help you recover. These aims include:
- Do proper exercise told by your surgeon
- Eat properly
After you’ve completed your treatments for ovarian cancer, follow-up care is very essential. Routine checkups can help find any changes in your health, and if cancer comes back (or “recurs”), it can be treated as soon as possible.
Prolife Cancer Centre is well renowned ovarian cancer clinic in Pune. At Prolife Cancer Center, your ovarian cancer treatment is personalized to give the best results, while concentrating on your quality of life. We offer minimally invasive laparoscopic surgeries that provide successful treatment with less impact on you.