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Prolife Cancer Centre - Ovarian Cancer Clinic in Pune

Ovarian Cancer : Introduction

Cancer begins in the ovaries is known as Ovarian Cancer. There are two ovaries in the female reproductive system, one on each side of the uterus. Risk of getting ovarian cancer for women during her lifetime is about 1 in 78. Her lifetime risk of dying from ovarian cancer is about 1 in 108.

Ovarian cancer often has warning signs, but the earliest symptoms are uncertain and easy to release. Only 20 % of ovarian cancers are detected at an early stage & rest often goes undetected until it has spread within the pelvis and abdomen. So, at this late stage, ovarian cancer is more difficult to treat.

The early-stage ovarian cancer is more likely to be treated successfully because the disease is confined to the ovary. Ovarian cancer ranks 5th in cancer deaths among women, which causes more and more deaths than any other women cancer types.

Types of Ovarian Cancer

    1. Ovarian epithelial cancer: Cancer which starts from the surface of the ovary (the epithelium) is known as Ovarian epithelial cancer. It is the most common ovarian cancer. It is commonly spread to the lining and organs of the pelvis and abdomen first before spreading elsewhere, such as to the lungs and liver. This may also spread to the brain, bones and skin.
    There is two other cancer which is similar to epithelial ovarian cancer:
    • Primary peritoneal carcinoma Cancer (develops in the lining of the pelvis and abdomen)
    • Fallopian tube cancer (starts in the fallopian tubes)
    1. Ovarian Germ cell cancer: It is the cancer which arises from the reproductive cells of the ovaries. It is very rare. Most of these tumors are harmless. It is divided into following types:
    Ovarian germ cell tumors are divided into the following subtypes:
    • Teratomas: It is either harmless (mature) or cancerous (immature). Cancerous teratomas are rare. The cells commonly contain different types of tissue, such as hair, muscle and bone.
    • Dysgerminoma ovarian germ cell cancer: It is rare but the most common germ cell ovarian cancer. It doesn’t grow or spread quickly.
    • Endodermal sinus tumor : it is also known as yolk sac tumor It may start in either the placenta during pregnancy (common) or in the ovaries.
    1. Ovarian Stromal cell cancer: Cancer which arises from connective tissue cells is known as Ovarian Stromal cell cancer. It is very rare. It is also known sex cord tumors, sex cord-gonadal stromal tumors and ovarian stromal tumors. It makes upto 1 percent of ovarian cancers. They often cause abnormal vaginal bleeding. Ovarian Stromal cell cancer has the following types:
    • Subtypes of sex cord-stromal tumors include granulosa cell tumors
    • Granulosa-theca tumors
    • Sertoli-Leydig tumors

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    Ovarian Cancer Risk Factors

    • Age (Getting older)
    • Family history (Having a family history of ovarian cancer, breast cancer, or colorectal cancer)
    • Being overweight or obese
    • Never having a full-term pregnancy or Having children later
    • Using fertility treatment
    • Hormone therapy is taken after menopause
    • Family cancer syndrome
    • Using talcum powder (if it travel through the vagina, uterus, and fallopian tubes to the ovary)

    What are the symptoms of Ovarian Cancer?

    Signs of ovarian cancer may include:

    • Abdominal bloating, pressure, and pain
    • Abnormal changes in appetite, such as a loss of appetite or feeling full sooner
    • An increase in urination or an urge to urinate (always feels like you have to go to pee or you have to go often)
    • Feels the pressure in the lower back
    • Weight Loss
    • Constipation (Upset Stomach)
    • Tiredness
    • Changes in menstruation cycle
    • Pain during sex

    These signs usually do not mean you have ovarian cancer. But if you see one or more of them for more than two weeks, consult your doctor.

    If you see any symptoms then meet Dr. Sumit Shah, provides the best ovarian cancer treatment in Pune at Prolife Cancer Centre in Pune ehich is the best Ovarian Cancer Clinic in Pune.

    How can it be diagnosed?

    The signs of ovarian cancer normally appear only with advanced disease. If your doctor finds something different in screening or you have any of the signs of ovarian cancer, further tests will be required to diagnose the condition.

    • Pelvic exam: Meanwhile a pelvic exam, doctor inserts gloved fingers into the vagina and simultaneously presses a hand on your abdomen to feel pelvic organs. The doctor also visually examines external genitalia, cervix and vagina.
    • Imaging tests: Ultrasound or CT scans of abdomen and pelvis may help determine the size, shape and structure of ovaries.
    • Blood tests: Blood tests might include organ function tests which help determine the overall health. The doctor might also test blood for tumor markers which indicates ovarian cancer. These tests may give clues about diagnosis and prognosis.
    • Surgery: Sometimes doctor can’t be certain of diagnosis until the patient undergoes surgery to remove an ovary and have it tested for signs of cancer.

    Stages of Ovarian Cancer

    Stage I The cancer is confined to the ovary (or fallopian tube).

    IA The cancer S confined to one ovary only.

    IB The cancer is found on both ovaries

    IC1 Accidental rupture of a capsule by the surgeon during surgery.

    IC2 Rupture of the capsule occurred before the surgery

    IC3 Cancer cells are found in the fluid of the pelvis/abdomen.


    Stage II Growth or the cancer involves one or both ovaries with pelvic extension.

    IIA Extension of cancer to fallopian tubes or uterus.

    IIB Extension of cancer to other pelvic organs


    Stage III Growth or the cancer involves one or both ovaries, and the cancer has spread beyond the pelvis.

    IIIA Microscopic cancer cells found in upper abdomen or lymph nodes.

    IIIB Visible tumor found in upper abdomen, less than 2cm in size

    IIIC Visible tumor found in upper abdomen, greater than 2cm in size, including disease on surface of liver or spleen


    Stage IV The cancer growth is widely spread throughout the body.

    IVA Cancer is found in the fluid around lungs.

    IVB Cancer is found inside the lungs, liver or spleen

    What are the treatment options for ovarian cancer?

    Your ovarian cancer treatment at Prolife may include one or more of the following therapies:

    1. Primary Debulking Surgery

    Surgery is the most usual treatment for ovarian cancer, especially if it has not developed. As for many cancers, surgery for ovarian cancer is most successful when done by a surgeon with a great deal of knowledge in the procedure.

    1. Chemotherapy

    Prolife offers the most up-to-date and effective chemotherapy choices for ovarian cancer. Drugs are given by mouth or intravenously

    After Treatment: Reconstruction and Rehabilitation

    Healing from Surgery

    Healing after ovarian cancer operation will take time. You will need to relax for the first few weeks.

    It takes time to heal physically and emotionally from a cancer operation, mainly if you’ve had your womb and ovaries removed.

    Take it very easy for the first 15-20 days. You should spend your time relaxing with your feet up. Avoid standing for a long time.

    6 weeks after your surgery, you can slowly build up the venture that you would regularly do until you are more or less back to normal. You will get tired easily. If you might also have other chemotherapy, It may slow your recovery down.

     Your Daily Goals Checklist

    While you are in the hospital, you will have regular aims to help you recover. These aims include:

    • Do proper exercise told by your surgeon
    • Eat properly

    Follow-up appointments

    After you’ve completed your treatments for ovarian cancer, follow-up care is very essential. Routine checkups can help find any changes in your health, and if cancer comes back (or “recurs”), it can be treated as soon as possible.

    Why choose Prolife Cancer Centre for Your Ovarian Cancer Care?

    Prolife Cancer Centre is well renowned ovarian cancer clinic in Pune. At Prolife Cancer Center, your ovarian cancer treatment is personalized to give the best results, while concentrating on your quality of life. We offer minimally invasive laparoscopic surgeries that provide successful treatment with less impact on you.

    Specialized Ovarian Cancer Treatments

    Prolife offers unique options for the treatment of ovarian cancer. Our globally renowned team of cancer specialists offers you best effective treatment for the most benefit while reducing the impact on your body. We offer the best Laparoscopic surgery treatment for ovarian cancer also chemotherapy and targeted therapy options.

    Google Reviews

    Based on 139 reviews.
    S S Patnaik
    S S Patnaik
    Before explaining my journey, summery of assessment on 5 Point Rating Scale (5 points- excellent, 0 points- Poor) as below: Overall rating: 5 Doctor availability/ Waiting time: 5 Doctor behavior/friendliness: 5 Staff behavior: 5 Communication/ Appointment: 3 Follow-up Care: 5 Billing: 5 Comfort and Cleanliness: 5 Parking: 3 Recommendation: 5 I never thought that someone from my family will suffer with cancer. The day when I came to know that my father has oral cancer, my whole family members were in shock. We were worried due to mainly 2 reasons 1. My father’s age (as he’s 72 years old) and 2. Complexity in treatment process. It started with minor dental pain and when we meet dentist he recommended for an Oncologist. I vigorously searched for best oncologist in Pune. During my search process I found Dr. Sumit Shah’s name and I thought to give him a try. Dr. Shah is incredible. He devotes much time to the patients and their queries. The day I met him, my search came to end. The way he explained about the disease, operation procedure (neck dissection) and recovery process was EXTRAORDINARY. He calmly and patiently explained all doubts and assured us nothing to worry. This gave us peace of mind and we decided to go with treatment process as per Dr. Shah. My father went under successful operation in last month and he’s quickly recovering from it. During the hospitalization period, unlike many doctors, Dr. Shah was available on WhatsApp and responded immediately to the queries/needfulness, which was a big sigh of relief. Now my father is doing well and follow-up is continuing. Appreciate Dr. Shah taking time to go over the diagnosis clearly and treatment options. The staff and the medical assistant were very nice and helpful. The appointment follow-up is wonderful (although they missed once in my case). HIGHLY RECOMMENDED. Thank You Dr. Sumit Shah and team!
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    Subhash Gaikwad
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    Hi This is Ananad pawar . I never thought that my minor dental pain will drive here . As future is unpredictable. My story was too unpredictable. Bt my one of habbit of regular consuming alchohol and tobacco cause to create volcano in my life. 8 months back i went for dental check up. He suggested me for expert advise. One of my relative suggested me the name of Dr. Sumit Shah. When we met Dr. Shah, he clears all doubts and worries about Cancer. This conversation set my mind in peace and relaxed. I became ready to operate my Oral Cancer under Dr.shah's treatment. His friendly and explanative nature about disease made us believe that cancer can be cure and we can restart our life. This journey taught me lesson that stop consuming alcohol and avoid Tobacco.

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