Testicular Cancer

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Prolife Cancer Centre - Testicular Cancer Treatment in Pune

What is Testicular Cancer?

Testicular cancer occurs when cells in the testicles grow and multiply uncontrollably, damaging surrounding tissue and interfering with the normal function of the testicle. If the disease spreads, it is still called testicular cancer.

Testicular cancer occurs most often in younger men. It is the most-often diagnosed cancer in men between ages 20 and 34. However, it accounts for only 1% of all cancers that occur in men. When testicular cancer is detected early, there is a nearly 99% chance for successful treatment. Dr. Sumit Shah provides the best Testicular Cancer Treatment in Pune at Prolife Cancer Centre which is the best cancer hospital in Pune.

Types of Testicular Cancer :

There are two basic types of testicular cancer, each with subtypes: Germ cell tumors occur in the cells that produce sperm. Tumor types include:
  • Seminomas, the type found most often, are responsible for half of testicular cancer cases. They are generally slow growing and responsive to treatment.
  • Nonseminomas tend to grow and spread faster than seminomas. Tumor types include:
    • Embryonal carcinoma (about 20% of testicular cancers)
    • Yolk sac carcinoma (most often occurs in infants and young boys)
    • Choriocarcinoma, a rare and extremely aggressive cancer
    • Teratomas

Stromal tumors occur in the testicular tissue where hormones are produced. Stromal tumor types include:

  • Leydig cell tumors, which occur in cells that produce male sex hormones
  • Sertoli cell tumors, which occur in cells that nourish germ cells

What are the symptoms of testicular cancer?

Symptoms of testicular cancer vary from man to man. Signs you may have testicular cancer include:
  • Small, hard lump that is often painless
  • Change in consistency of the testicles
  • Feeling of heaviness in the scrotum
  • Dull ache in the lower abdomen or the groin
  • Sudden collection of fluid in the scrotum
  • Pain or discomfort in a testicle or in the scrotum
  • Breast growth or loss of sexual desire
  • In boys, growth of facial and body hair at an abnormally young age
  • Lower back pain if cancer spreads

These symptoms do not always mean you have testicular cancer. However, it is important to discuss any symptoms with your doctor, since they may signal other health problems.

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    Testicular Cancer Risk Factors

    Anything that increases your chance of getting testicular cancer is a risk factor. These include:
    • Age: Most cases occur between the ages of 15 and 40, and testicular cancer is the type of cancer found most often in men ages 20 to 34.
    • Race: White men are five to 10 times more likely to develop testicular cancer than men of other races.
    • Family or personal history of testicular cancer
    • Undescended testicle (cryptorchidism): Men with testicles that did not move down into the scrotum before birth are at increased risk. Men who had surgery to correct this condition are still at high risk of testicular cancer.
    • Abnormal testicular development
    • Klinefelter’s syndrome: A sex chromosome disorder characterized by low levels of male hormones, sterility, breast enlargement, and small testes
    • Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or AIDS
    • Previous treatment for testicular cancer

    Not everyone with risk factors gets testicular cancer. However, if you have risk factors, it’s a good idea to discuss them with your doctor.

    How is testicular cancer diagnosed?

    If you have testicular cancer, it is important to get an accurate diagnosis to help increase your chances for successful treatment. At Prolife cancer centre, our specialized experts use the most modern and accurate technology to diagnose testicular cancer and pinpoint the extent (stage) of the disease.

    Other Testicular Cancer Diagnostic Tests

    If you have symptoms that may signal testicular cancer, your doctor will perform a physical exam and ask you questions about your health, lifestyle, and family history.

    One or more of the following tests may be used to find out if you have testicular cancer and if it has spread. These tests also may be used to find out if treatment is working.

    Blood tests: Special blood tests that detect certain protein “markers” are used to diagnose and find out the extent of testicular cancer before and after orchiectomy. These tests include:

    Alpha-fetoprotein (AFP): Elevated levels of this protein, which normally is produced by a fetus in the womb, may indicate the presence of a germ cell tumor in men.

    Beta human chorionic gonadotropin (b-HCG): Increased levels of this protein, normally found in pregnant women, can indicate the presence of several types of cancer, including testicular cancer.

    Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH): This enzyme is related to increased energy production by the body’s cells and tissues, which sometimes can indicate cancer.

    What are the stages of testicular cancer?

    Testicular Cancer Stages

    Stage 0 (carcinoma in situ): Abnormal cells are found in the tiny tubules where sperm cells begin to develop.

    Stage 1A: Cancer is in the testicle and epididymis (tube connecting ducts in rear of testicle to vas deferens) and may have spread to the inner layer of the membrane surrounding the testicle.

    Stage 1B: In the testicle and epididymis and has spread to the blood or lymph vessels in the testicle Spread to the outer layer of the membrane surrounding the testicle.

    Stage 1S: Cancer is found anywhere within the testicle, spermatic cord or the scrotum and either:

    All tumor marker levels are slightly above normal

    One or more tumor marker levels are moderately above normal or high

    Stage 2A: Anywhere within the testicle, spermatic cord or scrotum, In up to five lymph nodes in the abdomen, none larger than 2 centimeters

    Stage 2B: Cancer is anywhere within the testicle, spermatic cord or scrotum and has spread to either:

    Up to five lymph nodes in the abdomen; at least one of the lymph nodes is larger than 2 centimeters, but none is larger than 5 centimeters

    More than five lymph nodes that are not larger than 5 centimeters

    Stage 2C:Is anywhere within the testicle, spermatic cord or scrotum and Has spread to a lymph node in the abdomen and the tumor is larger than 5 centimeters.

    Stage 3A: Anywhere within the testicle, spermatic cord or scrotum, Spread to one or more lymph nodes in the abdomen, Spread to distant lymph nodes or to the lungs.

    Stage 3B: Is anywhere within the testicle, spermatic cord or scrotum, May have spread to one or more nearby or distant lymph nodes or to the lungs.

    Stage 3C: Is anywhere within the testicle, spermatic cord or scrotum, May have spread to one or more nearby or distant lymph nodes or to the lungs or anywhere else in the body

    What are the treatment options for testicular cancer

    Treatment for testicular cancer at Prolife cancer centre focuses on the most modern techniques in surgery, chemotherapy and other therapies. We customize your treatment to include the most advanced procedures with the least impact on your body.
    Our renowned team of experts considers all the options, and then choose the best course of action specifically for you.

    Our Testicular Cancer Treatments

    If you are diagnosed with testicular cancer, your doctor will discuss the best options to treat it. This depends on several factors, including the type and stage of the cancer and your general health.

    One or more of the following therapies may be recommended to treat the cancer or help relieve symptoms.


    Orchiectomy: Surgery to remove the testicle. In most cases, orchiectomy is performed during testicular cancer diagnosis.

    Retroperitoneal lymph node dissection (RPLND): For some patients, especially those with nonseminoma testicular cancer, surgery may also involve removal of lymph nodes in the abdominal area.

    Reconstructive surgery: Men who are uncomfortable with their appearance after orchiectomy can have a prosthesis implanted in the scrotum that provides the look and feel of a real testicle.

    Radiation Therapy

    Seminomas, which are the form of testicular cancer found most often, are very sensitive to radiation treatment.

    Radiation is performed after surgery to remove the testicle (orchiectomy). If the tumor was a seminoma, the oncologist may choose “watchful waiting” to see if the testicular cancer returns or use radiation to treat the lymph nodes along the spine, where the majority of recurrences are located.

    Even if testicular cancer comes back, it is still treatable with radiation or chemotherapy. Radiation treatment has an average recurrence rate of about 5%. Radiation also can be used after chemotherapy if any cancer remains.


    Chemotherapy is sometimes used in conjunction with surgical removal of the testicle to make sure all the cancer cells have been destroyed. For men with advanced tumors that have spread beyond the testicle or metastasized (spread) to distant areas of the body, chemotherapy is usually given for nine weeks or longer.

    Prognosis & Follow-up

    A prognosis is the Oncologist’s best estimate of how cancer will affect someone and how it will respond to treatment.

    Prognosis and survival depend on many factors. Only a Oncologist familiar with your medical history, the type, stage and characteristics of your cancer, the treatments chosen and the response to treatment can put all of this information together with survival statistics to arrive at a prognosis.

    A prognostic factor is an aspect of the cancer or a characteristic of the person that the oncologist will consider when making a prognosis.

    A predictive factor influences how a cancer will respond to a certain treatment. Prognostic and predictive factors both play a part in deciding on a treatment plan and a prognosis.

    Oncologist use different prognostic and predictive factors for newly diagnosed and recurrent breast cancers.

    Why choose Prolife cancer centre for testicular cancer?

    At Prolife Cancer Center, your Gallbladder cancer treatment is personalized to give the best results, while concentrating on your quality of life. We offer the best Testicular Cancer Treatment in Pune. A team of experts targets each patient’s testicular cancer, providing customized care to match your unique disease and circumstances. These highly focused physicians, as well as a specially trained support staff, personalize your care to ensure the most-advanced treatments with the least impact on your body.

    As one of the nation’s most active cancer centers, Prolife cancer sees many more patients with testicular cancer than does the average oncologist. This translates to an extraordinary level of expertise, which can mean higher chances for successful treatment.

    And at Prolife you’re surrounded by the strength of one of the nation’s largest and most experienced comprehensive cancer centers, which has all the support and wellness services needed to treat the whole person – not just the disease.

    Google Reviews

    Based on 204 reviews
    taha ali
    taha ali
    Consulted Dr. Sumit Shah for Cancer of Sigmoid Colon. We consulted our family physician Dr. Murtaza Saifee as my mother was complaining of abdomen pain and bleeding in her stools. Dr. Saifee sent us for further investigations. After doing her PET Scan and Colonoscopy she was diagnosed with Carcinoma of Sigmoid Colon. Dr. Saifee then referred us to Dr. Sumit Shah at Prolife Cancer Centre and Research Institute, Pune for the further treatment. Dr. Shahs expertise and knowledge in the cancer field gave us the confidence to proceed further. Dr. Sumit Shah did her surgery laparoscopic sigmoid colectomy for sigmoid colon cancer and her surgery went well. Her recovery was also quite stable and quicker than we had imagined. Also it was early stage cancer so she didn’t require any chemotherapy or radiotherapy. The entire staff at Prolife Cancer Centre took great care of her and supported her in this journey. Thankyou to Dr. Shah and his team for all that they've done for her fast recovery.
    Azhar Mulla
    Azhar Mulla
    We visited a lot of hospitals and doctors for my father's treatment but continuously failed with his treatment. That's when we came across Dr. Sumit Shah through a through Google search. Visiting Dr. Shah at Prolife Centre and Research Institute was a blessing to us. Dr. Shah's expertise in this field and positive outlook towards the patient gave us confidence in the treatment of my fathers health. My father underwent the Whipple Surgery under Dr. Shah. The surgery was successful and since then his recovery has been smooth. My father's follow up has been regular and the entire staff takes good care of his health. We sincerely express our gratitude to Dr. Shah and the entire team at Prolife Cancer Centre and Research Institute for taking care of my father and helping us out in the challenging journey. Thankyou so much.
    Kartik Rathod
    Kartik Rathod
    Dr. Sumit Shah is a lifesaver in every sense of the word and undoubtedly the best pancreatic cancer surgeon in Pune. His exceptional surgical skills and deep understanding of pancreatic cancer turned a frightening diagnosis into a story of hope and recovery for me. Dr. Shah's attention to detail, commitment to patient well-being, and ability to navigate complex procedures are truly commendable. Thanks to him, I am now enjoying a second chance at life. I can't express my gratitude enough for Dr. Shah's expertise and care. If you're seeking the finest pancreatic cancer treatment in Pune, look no further than Dr. Sumit Shah.
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    kiran sathe
    I can't thank Dr. Sumit Shah enough for his exceptional surgical skills and personalized care in pancreatic cancer treatment in Pune. Facing pancreatic cancer was daunting, but Dr. Shah's expertise put me at ease. He explained the entire treatment plan thoroughly, and the surgery he performed was a success. I highly recommend Dr. Shah, the leading Pancreatic Cancer doctor in Pune, to anyone seeking the best care for this challenging condition.
    Rangnath Pawar
    Rangnath Pawar
    Visited for pancreatic cancer My father was complaining of stomach ache in April of this year so we took him to a general physician but the pain did not subside. Then we went to an Gastroenterologist Dr. Lalit Shimpi. He investigated further. He told us to do an endoscopy and thats when we were told that he was suffering from Pancreatic Cancer. We also consulted Dr Varun Khandagale , gastroenterologist he also suggested the same. Coming from a small village Takleyali of Taluka Shirur, dist Ahamadnagar.Dr. Shimpi referred us to Dr. Sumit Shah and Prolife Cancer Centre and Research Institute, Gultekdi, Pune. We met Dr. Shah and he recommended us that we go for surgery as its the best fit for him. My father immediately underwent surgery for Carcinoma Pancreas which was done by Dr. Shah himself. Now, my father is undergoing chemotherapy at Prolife Cancer Centre and Research Institute, Gultekdi, Pune under guidance of Dr minish jain and dr shah. we continue to experience the same high level of care. We are confident that he is in the best possible hands as he fights this battle. I cannot thank Dr. Shah and the entire team enough for their expertise, professionalism, and genuine concern for their patients. Thank you all staff and doctors at prolife
    Wasim Shaikh
    Wasim Shaikh
    My brother had pain around his mouth so we consulted our family doctor. We were shocked to know that he was diagnosed with mouth Cancer after investigating further. Post diagnosis we were looking for an experienced oncologist in Pune and that's when our family doctor recommended that we come see Dr. Sumit Shah and talk about the further treatment and management. Our first impression on coming to Profile Cancer Centre and Research institute was quite good. We were all on edge on the day of our first consultation but Dr. Shah was very radiant and confident. He explained everything to us in detail and his positive attitude regarding the health of my brother pushed us to get him treated here. Right from the first day Dr. Shah's entire team took great care of my brother. He underwent surgery here at Prolife. The surgery went well and his recovery was very smooth and quicker than we expected. We really appreciate everything that Dr. Shah and his team did for my brother. Thank you so much to Dr. Shah for treating my brother with utmost care and making the whole journey an easy one for us.
    Ayyub Shaikh
    Ayyub Shaikh
    My wife had difficulty in swallowing a year back so I took the treatment of our family doctor. Her complaints were on and off but never went away. That's when our doctor investigated further and recommended us to Dr. Sumit Shah at Prolife Cancer Centre, Pune. The day we first came to meet Dr. Shah we were very scared and worried about her condition but Dr. Shah provided us the moral boost and explained to us the step by step treatment and the duration. I must say talking to Dr. Shah reduced our worries to tenfold. My wife has nodule in thyroid . She underwent surgery at prolife. Here recovery was very smooth with no change in voice . She started eating in the evening We are very happy and content to have come to him for the treatment. His patient connection and the positive attitude was a relief to me. The staff here was very cooperative and supportive. We are usually scared to go to a hospital but coming here and seeing the infrastructure and the hygiene of this hospital was a total relief to us. Everyone was so attentive and patient with us and I'm thankful to Dr. Shah and his team for taking such good care of my wife. I really appreciate the team of Prolife Centre and recommend every patient to not ignore their symptoms and directly contact Dr. Shah. Thank you so much.
    Sushma Pilane
    Sushma Pilane
    I had pain in my breast so my family doctor recommended me to Dr. Sumit Shah. Meeting him and seeing his positive attitude has given me relief. He guided me through my entire course of treatment. Talking to him has given me a positive outlook towards my symptoms. I would recommend everyone to consult Dr. Shah.

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